A

Abies alba Mill., 23 concolor, 89, 92 Acer negundo, 91, 149, 152, 155 Acoustic signals, body size and, 307 Adaptive divergence, 303 Air-dried wood, modulus of elasticity of, 4 Alces alces, 102

Algal body, friction drag and, 76 Allium porrum L., 11 Aloe vera, 149, 152, 154

Amphibians, phenotypic plasticity in larval forms, 233

Amphimoea walkeri, 188

Analyses of covariance (ANCOVA), 174, 175

ANCOVA, see Analyses of covariance

Angiosperms diffuse-porous, 92 ring-porous, 92 specialized wood of, 95 Animal(s)

vascular networks, Murray's law for, 86 volume of circulating blood in, 90 Anolis, 244

carolinensis, 255, 257, 258, 261 distichus, 255 evermanni, 255, 256 garmani, 255, 259 grahami, 255 gundlachi, 255, 256 lineatopus, 255, 265 pulchellus, 255, 256 sagrei, 255, 266, 308 snout-vent length, 255 valencienni, 255, 257, 259, 261, 265, 266 Anolis lizards, power generation during locomotion in, 253-269 discussion, 264-267

ecological correlates of power output,

264-265 interspecific variation, 265-266 power output during running and jumping, 266-267 material and methods, 255-260 animals, 255

configuration of hind limbs, 258 ecology, 258-259 jumping trials, 257 morphology, 255 running trials, 255-257 statistical analysis, 259-260 results, 260-264 Anomalous wood, 57

Ant(s), see also Macaranga-ant mutualisms, slippery wax barriers and wax running in adaptive syndromes, evolution of, 169 associations adaptive syndromes in, 168 obligate, 167 attachment forces of, 172 climbing, friction coefficient, 176 generalist, protection of specific ant partners against, 165 mechanical benefit of long legs for climbing, 176

prostoma and, 169

tarsal attachment devices in, 170

traits aggressiveness, 168 colony density, 168 pruning behavior, 168 wax running capacity, 165 Anther, energy content of, 124 Anthidium manicatum, 135 Apis mellifera, 126, 133 forces exerted by, 134 maximum forces measured for, 136 Apochlorotic flagellates, 273 Aquatic bodies, microbial ecosystems of, 271 Aquatic systems, bacterial concentrations in, 281 Aquatic vertebrates, maneuverability in, 235-236 Aquilegia vulgaris, 149, 152, 159 Arboreal species, 254 Area-preserving transport networks, 93, 94 Aristolochia brasiliensis, 49 gigantea, 49 macrophylla, 49 Arthropods, pretarsus of, 170 Artificial flower, 127 Artiodactyla, 102

Arundo donax, 79 Ascophyllum nodosum, 64 Attachment modes, types of, 39 Autotrophic flagellates, 273

0 0

Post a comment