G

Gambusia affinis, 308 Gene flow, restricted, 302

Generalist ants, protection of specific ant partners against, 165 Generalist pollinators, 197 Geospiza fortis, 310, 311 Gnetum, 44

africanum, 49 bucholzianum, 49 cf. guianensis, 49 Goupia glabra Aubl., 8 Grass leaves, notch introduction and, 112 Gravitaxis, inhibition of, 293 Gravitropic response, kinematical analyses of, 20

Gravitropism, 13 Grazing down, 287

Grazing ruminants, plant-animal mechanics and bite procurement in, 101-122 application of plant fracture mechanics to foraging strategies, 109-111 bite force, 102 bite procurement, 104 biting effort, 115-118 harvesting apparatus, 102-104 instrumentation for measuring bite force at animal level, 111-115 biomechanical force instruments, 114-115

prediction of bite force from assessment of plant fracture properties, 111-114 instrumentation for measuring plant fracture mechanics under tension, 107-109 plant form and fracture mechanics at plant level, 104-107 ruminant species, 102 Green wood, 3 Ground bio-engineering, 22

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