1. Bates, H.W., Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon Valley, Lepidoptera: Heliconidae, Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 23, 495, 1862.

2. Bates, H.W., Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon Valley, Coleoptera: Longicorns, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 9, 446, 1862.

3. Edmunds, M., Defence in Animals, Longman, Harlow, 1974.

4. Brower, J.V.Z., Experimental studies of mimicry IV. The reaction of starlings to different proportions of models and mimics, Am. Nat., 94, 271, 1960.

5. Edmunds, M., Why are there good and poor mimics? Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 70, 459, 2000.

6. Pough, F.H., Mimicry of vertebrates: are the rules different? Am. Nat., 131, 67, 1988.

7. Rettenmeyer, C.W., Insect mimicry, Ann. Rev. Ent., 15, 43, 1970.

8. Weins, D., Mimicry in plants, Evol. Biol., 11, 365, 1978.

9. Müller, F., A remarkable case of mimicry in butterflies, Proc. R. Ent. Soc. Lond., 1879, 20, 1879.

10. Brower, A.V.Z., Locomotor mimicry in butterflies? A critical review of the evidence, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B., 347, 413, 1995.

11. Ritland, D.B., Revising a classic butterfly mimicry scenario: demonstration of Mül-lerian mimicry between Florida viceroys (Limenitis archippusfloridensis) and Florida queens (Danaus gilippus berenice), Evolution, 45, 918, 1991.

12. Fisher, R.A., The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1930.

13. Wickler, W., Mimicry in Plants and Animals, World University Library, London, 1968.

14. Pasteur, G., A classificatory review of mimicry systems, Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst., 13, 169, 1982.

15. Moulton, J.C., On some of the principal mimetic combinations of tropical American butterflies, Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond., 1909, 585, 1909.

16. Shepherd, PM., Genetics of mimicry, Proceedings of the XVI International Congress of Zoology, Natural History Press, Garden City, N.Y., 1963.

Turner, J.R.G., Evolution of complex polymorphism and mimicry in distasteful South American butterflies, Proc. Int. Congr. Ent., 12, 267, 1965.

Owen, D., Mimetic polymorphism and the palatability spectrum, Oikos, 21, 333, 1970.

Smith, D.A.S. and Gordon, I.J., The genetics of the butterfly Hypolimnas misippus (L.) — The classification of phenotypes and the inheritance of forms misippus and inaria, Heredity, 59, 467, 1987.

Smith, D.A.S. et al., Genetics of the butterfly Danaus chrysippus (L.) in a broad hybrid zone, with special reference to sex ratio, polymorphism and intragenomic conflict, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 65, 1, 1998.

Carpenter, G.D.H., Observations and experiments in Africa by the late C.F.M. Swyn-nerton; non-wild birds eating butterflies and the preference shown, Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond, 10, 1942.

Chai, P., Field observations and feeding experiments on the responses of rufous-tailed jacamars (Galbula ruficauda) to free-flying butterflies in a tropical rainforest, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 29, 161, 1986.

Jeffords, M.R., Sternburg, J.G., and Waldbauer, G.B., Batesian mimicry: field demonstration of the survival value of pipevine swallowtail and monarch colour patterns, Evolution, 33, 275, 1979.

Robinson, G.S. and Carter, D.J., The first vespiforme tineid moth (Lepidoptera: Tineidae), Syst. Ent., 14, 259, 1989.

Heal, J.R., Colour patterns in Syrphidae II. Eristalis intricarius, Heredity, 43, 229, 1979.

Heal, J.R., Colour patterns in Syrphidae III. Sexual dimorphism in Eristalis arbus-torum. Ecol. Ent. 6, 119, 1981.

Stubbs, A.E. and Falk, S.J., British Hoverflies, The British Entomological and Natural History Society, London, 1983.

Howarth, B., Clee, C., and Edmunds, M., The mimicry between British Syrphidae (Diptera) and aculeate Hymenoptera, Br. J. Ent. Nat. Hist., 13, 1, 2000. Walbauer, G.P, Asynchrony between Batesian mimics and their models, Am. Nat., 131, 103, 1988.

Howarth, B., and Edmunds, M., The phenology of Syrphidae (Diptera): are they Batesian mimics of Hymenoptera? Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 71, 437, 2000. Howarth, B., Edmunds, M. and Gilbert, F., Does the abundance of hoverfly mimics (Syrphidae) depend on the numbers of their hymenopteran models? Evolution, 58, 367, 2004.

Mallet, J. and Gilbert, L.E., Why are there so many mimicry rings? Correlations between habitat, behaviour and mimicry in Heliconius butterflies, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 55, 59, 1995.

Beccaloni, G.W., Vertical stratification of ithomiine butterfly (Nymphalidae: Ithomi-inae) mimicry complexes: the relationship between adult flight height and larval hostplant height, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 62, 3134, 1997.

Sherratt, T.N., Rashed, A., and Beatty, C.D., The evolution of locomotory behaviour in profitable and unprofitable simulated prey, Oecologia, 138, 143, 2004. Carpenter, G.D.H. and Ford, E.B., Mimicry, Methuen, London, 1933. Humphries, D.A. and Driver, P.M., Erratic display as a device against predator, Science, 156, 1767, 1967.

Driver, P.M. and Humphries, D.A., Protean Behaviour: The Biology of Anarchization, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1988.

38. Roeder, K.D. and Treat, A.E., The acoustic detection of bats by moths, Proc. 11th Cong. Ent., 3, 1, 1960.

39. Marden, J.H. and Chai, P, Aerial predation and butterfly design: how palatability, mimicry and the need for evasive flight constrain mass allocation, Am. Nat., 138, 15, 1991.

40. Srygley, R.B., Incorporating motion into investigations of mimicry, Evol. Ecol., 13, 691, 1999.

41. Hespenheide, H.A., Novel mimicry complex — beetles and flies, J. Entomol. Ser. A, 48, 49, 1973.

42. Gibson, D.O., Batesian mimicry without distastefulness, Nature, 250, 77, 1974.

43. Gibson, D.O., The role of escape in mimicry and polymorphism 1. The response of captive birds to artificial prey, Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 14, 201, 1980.

44. Oliveira, P. S., Ant-mimicry in some Brazilian salticid and clubionid spiders (Araneae: Salticidae; Clubionidae), Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 33, 1, 1988.

45. Walbauer, G.P., Mimicry of hymenopteran antennae by Syrphidae, Psyche (Camb. Mass.), 77, 45, 1970.

46. Cott, H., Adaptive Colouration in Animals, Methuen, London, 1940.

47. Carpenter, G.D.H. and Poulton, E.B., Mimicry, Methuen, London, 1902.

48. Oliveira, P.S., On the mimetic association between nymphs of Hyalymenus spp. (Hemiptera, Alydidae) and ants, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 83, 371, 1985.

49. Reiskind, J., Ant-mimicry in Panamanian clubionid and salticid spiders (Araneae — Clubionidae, Salticidae), Biotropica, 9, 1, 1977.

50. Cushing, PE., Myrmecomorphy and mymmecophily in spiders: a review, Fla. Entomol, 80, 165, 1997.

51. Mclver, J.D. and Stonedahl, G. Myrmecomorphy — morphological and behavioural mimicry of ants, Annu. Rev. Entomol., 38, 351, 1993.

52. Linsley, E.G., Eisner, T., and Klots, A.B., Mimetic assemblages of sibling species of lycid beetles, Evolution, 15, 15, 1961.

53. Golding, Y.C. and Edmunds, M., Behavioural mimicry of honeybees (Apis mellifera) by droneflies (Diptera: Syrphidae: Eristalis spp.), Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B., 267, 903, 2000.

54. Golding, Y.C., Ennos, A.R., and Edmunds, M., Similarity in flight behaviour between the honeybee Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) and its presumed mimic, the dronefly Eristalis tenax (Diptera: Syrphidae), J. Exp. Biol., 204, 139, 2001.

55. Dudley, R., The Biomechanics of Insect Flight, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 2000.

56. Taylor, G.K., Mechanics and aerodynamics of insect flight control, Biol. Rev., 76, 449, 2001.

57. Land, M.F., Motion and vision: why animals move their eyes, J. Comp. Physiol. A., 185, 341, 1999.

58. Opler, P.A., Polymorphic mimicry of polistine wasps by a neotropical neuropteran, Biotropica, 13, 165, 1981.

59. Dressler, R.L., Eulaema bombiformis, E. meriana, and Müllerian mimicry in related species (Hymenoptera, Apidae), Biotropica, 11, 144, 1979.

60. Silbergleid, R.E. and Eisner, T.E., Mimicry of hymenoptera by beetles with unconventional flight, Science, 163, 486, 1969.

61. Kassarov, L., Are birds the primary selective force leading to evolution of mimicry and aposematism in butterflies? An opposing point of view, Behaviour, 140, 433, 2003.

62. Srygley, R.B. and Ellington, C.P., Discrimination of flying mimetic, passion-vine butterflies Heliconius, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B., 266, 2137, 1999.

63. Cuthill, I.C. and Bennett, A.T.D., Mimicry in the eye of the beholder, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B, 253, 203, 1993.

64. Chai, P. and Srygley, R., Predation and the flight, morphology, and temperature of neotropical rain-forest butterflies, Am. Nat., 135, 748, 1990.

65. Srygley, R.B. and Chai, P., Flight morphology of neotropical butterflies: palatability and distribution of mass to the thorax and abdomen, Oecologia, 84, 491, 1990.

66. Srygley, R.B. and Dudley, R.T., Correlations of the position of center of body mass with butterfly escape tactics, J. Exp. Biol., 174, 155, 1993.

67. Srygley, R.B., The aerodynamic costs of warning signals in palatable mimetic butterflies and their distasteful models, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B, 271, 589, 2004.

68. Ellington, C.P., The aerodynamics of hovering insect flight, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B, 305, 1, 1984.

69. Srygley, R.B. and Thomas A.L.R., Unconventional lift-generating mechanisms in free-flying butterflies, Nature, 420, 660, 2002.

70. Srygley, R.B., Locomotor mimicry in butterflies? The associations of positions of centre of mass among groups of mimetic, unprofitable prey, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B., 343, 145, 1994.

71. Wallace, A.R., On the phenomena of variation and geographical distribution as illustrated by the Papilionidae of the Malayan region, Trans. Linn Soc. Lond., 24, 1, 1865.

72. Marden, J.H. and Chai, P., Aerial predation and butterfly design — how palatability, mimicry, and the need for evasive flight constrain mass allocation, Am. Nat. 138, 15, 1991.

73. Ohsaki, N., Preferential predation of female butterflies and the evolution of Batesian mimicry, Nature, 378, 173, 1995.

74. Srygley, R.B., Locomotor mimicry in Heliconius butterflies: contrast analyses of flight morphology and kinemetics, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B, 354, 203, 1999.

75. Srygley, R.B. and Ellington, C.P., Estimating the relative fitness of local adaptive peaks: the aerodynamic costs of flight in mimetic passion-vine butterflies Heliconius, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B., 266, 2239, 1999.

76. Srygley, R.B. and Ellington, C.P., Discrimination of flying mimetic, passion-vine butterflies Heliconius, R. Soc. Lond. B., 266, 2137, 1999.

77. Maier, C.T., Evolution of Batesian mimicry in the Syrphidae (Diptera) J. N.Y. Ento-mol. S. 86, 307, 1978.

78. Dlusski, G.M., Are dipteran insects protected by their similarity to stinging Hymenoptera? Bull. Mosk. O-Va Ispytatelei Otd Biol., 89, 25, 1984.

79. Howarth, B., An ecological study of Batesian mimicry in the British Syrphidae (Diptera), Ph.D. Thesis, University of Central Lancashire, 1988.

80. Azmeh, S., Mimicry in the hoverflies, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Nottingham, 1999.

81. Morgan, K.R. and Heinrich, B., Temperature regulation in bee- and wasp-mimicking syrphid flies, J. Exp. Biol., 133, 59, 1987.

82. Ennos, A.R., A comparative study of the flight mechanism of Diptera, J. Exp. Biol., 127, 355, 1987.

83. Ennos, A.R., The importance of torsion in the design of insect wings, J. Exp. Biol., 140, 137, 1988.

84. Ennos, A.R., The kinematics and aerodynamics of free flight of some Diptera, J. Exp. Biol., 142, 49, 1989.

85. Collett, T.S. and Land, M.F., Visual spatial memory in a hoverfly, J. Comp. Physiol., 100, 59, 1975.

86. Collett, T.S. and Land, M.F., How hoverflies compute interception courses, J. Comp. Physiol., 125, 191, 1978.

87. Wootton, R.J., Leading edge section and asymmetric twisting in the wings of flying butterflies (Insecta, Papilionoidea), J. Exp. Biol., 180, 105, 1993.

88. Unwin, D.M. and Corbet, S.A., Wingbeat frequency, temperature and body size in bees and flies, Physiol. Ent., 9, 115, 1984.

89. Frisch, K. von, The Language and Orientation of Bees, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1967.

Interindividual Variation in the Muscle Physiology of Vertebrate Ectotherms: Consequences for Behavioral and Ecological Performance

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment