T

Tap root systems, 12 TattletaleĀ® logger, 68 Tendril climbers, 39, 45 Tensile strength, 107, 109 Tensile tests, 107, 113 Thigmomorphogenesis, 14, 16 Three-point bending, 42 Toxorhychites, 187 Trampling resistance, 105

Transport function, safety vs. efficiency trade-offs in, 96

Tree(s)

buckling, 7, 8

failure, height strategy and, 13 height hydraulic limitations of, 6 safety factors and, 7 strata, 24 modulus of elasticity, 9 secondary growth, 6 self-supporting, 93 shade tolerance, 5 structure, strength of, 16 tropical, development of buttresses in, 12 Tree biomechanics and growth strategies, 1-33 biomechanical characteristics of trees, 3-6 mechanics of secondary growth, 6

wood as lightweight, cellular- and fiber-

reinforced material, 3-5 wood variability, 5 biomechanical and ecological significance of height, 6-13 biomechanical environmental constraints on tree height, 7-9 height growth strategy, 13 risk assessment, 9-13 growth processes that control mechanical stability of slender tree stems, 14-21 control of root growth to secure anchorage, 21 control of stem orientation to maintain or restore tree form, 16-21 mechanical control of growth, 14-16 practical application of tree biomechanics, 21-24

Trifolium montanum, 149, 150, 152, 159 Tropical rainforest, biologically controlled verticality in, 19 Tropical trees, development of buttresses in, 12 Tropidurus psamonastes, 233 Twining climbers, mechanical properties, 44 Twining liana, juvenile stage of, 38 Twining species, mature trunks of, 53

0 0

Post a comment