Elsevier

AMSTERDAM • BOSTON • HEIDELBERG • LONDON • NEW YORK • OXFORD PARIS • SAN DIEGO • SAN FRANCISCO • SINGAPORE • SYDNEY • TOKYO Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier

Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier 84 Theobald's Road, London WC1X 8RR, UK 30 Corporate Drive, Suite 400, Burlington, MA 01803, USA 525 B Street, Suite 1900, San Diego, CA 92101-4495, USA

First edition 2008

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier Ltd except chapter opening illustrations and Figures 2.2, 2.3, 2.4 and 3.5 (© Keith Brockie). All rights reserved

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ISBN: 978-0-12-517367-4

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