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Raptors from Shirihai et al. (2000), Alon et al. (2004); storks and pelicans from Leshem & Yom-Tov (1996), Alon et al. (2004).

+ indicates seen in small numbers in some years. In autumn, approximately 20 groups of 2-4 observers were spaced some 2-3 km apart on a line extending across the path of migration from the Mediterranean Sea to the Jordan (Rift) valley, initially on the Kafr Qasim survey (1978-1987) and latterly about 100 km further north on the Northern Valleys survey (1988-1997) and in spring fewer groups of observers were spaced further south at the north end of the Red Sea near Eilat. aEight years within this period.

bMales only, because female Pallid and Montagu's Harriers could not be reliably distinguished. cFour most numerous species reached 683 553 in 1997 (Alon et al. 2004). dOne year only (1987) (Leshem & Yom-Tov 1996a). eFour years only (1987-1990) (Leshem & Yom-Tov 1996a).

Table 7.4 Maximum annual counts of raptors (and year) at two points of entry to Africa

Bab el Mandeb,

Species Suez, Egypt French Somalilanda

Autumn Spring Autumn

Table 7.4 Maximum annual counts of raptors (and year) at two points of entry to Africa

Bab el Mandeb,

Species Suez, Egypt French Somalilanda

Autumn Spring Autumn

Osprey Pandion haliaetus

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