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conditioned stimuli (CS), 29, 32, 91 conopid flies, 216, 217 continuous input model, 285 corolla size, pollen dispersal and, 304 Corydalis cava, 199 costs cutting, 159-65 nectar and, 44-7 crab spiders, 215, 216, 221 bees and, 228(fig.) predation by, 217(fig.), 219, 229-30 Crithidia bombi, 202

cryptic prey types, search image hypothesis, 5

Cryptostylis, 95

cue preference, schematic test for, 135(fig.)

Cycnoches, 85

Dactylanthus taylorii, 95 Dactylorhiza sambucina, 251, 252

morph frequency and, 251(fig.) Dalechampia, 86, 114 dance, bee nectar concentration and, 51(fig.) pollen quality and, 48(fig.) subjective evaluation of, 44-8 sucrose concentration and, 46(fig.),

Darwin, Charles, 2-4, 10, 191, 318 Daucus, nectar availability and, 230 decision-making process, bees and, 29,

43-4, 45(fig.) decision rules, foraging in hummingbirds, 128-9

Delphinium nelsonii, 248

detection, versus recognition, 65-8

detection-advertising hypothesis, 282-3

dimethylsulfide, 160

dioecy, 289

dipterans, 172

dispensing mechanisms, attraction and,

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