Info

fruit-bat flowers, 149

gas chromatographic-

electroantennographic detection (GC-EAD), 88-9 geitonogamy, 274, 286, 287, 288, 289 inflorescences and, 305 outcross siring success, 306-7 gene flow, plant speciation and, 319 general landscape memory (GLM), 23-6, 37 general odorant-binding proteins (GOBPs), 88

genetic drift, flower color and, 106 genotype, effects of, 201-2

genotypic variation bees and, 42 dance and,44-8

proboscis extension response and, 49 Gilia, 328

glomeruli, scent-driven foraging behavior and,89-90 Glossophaga, responses to fragrance, 91 Glossophaga commissarisi, 160 flight speeds, 153-5

minimum nectar energy densities and, 155

Glossophaga soricina hovering flights, I54(fig.) olfactory attractiveness, i6i(fig.) spatial memory, 164 glossophagine flowers,i48-9, 159 daily energy expenditure (DEE) on, 151(fig.)

energy relations and, 150, 152(table) goldenrod (Solidago juncea), 226 green contrast, bees and, 68 groundcherry (Physalispubescens), 226, 227(fig.) gynodioecy, 289

handling times, Darwin's interference hypothesis, 3-4 harmonic radar tracking technique, 24 hawkmoths, 86, 90, 173, 174, 216 long-tongued, 230 pollination interactions, 325 responses to fragrance, 91 Helianthus annuus, 226, 227(fig.) Heliconius, 92, 224, 178 Heliothis virescens, 226 hermit hummingbirds, 92 plant speciation and, 323 heterostyly, 237 Heuchera grossulariifolia, 268 honeybee, see Apis mellifera hoverflies, 177

hummingbirds, 107, 137-45, 216 assortative mating, 264 feeder patterns, 141(fig.) flower rewards, 142(fig.) focal flowers, 139(fig.) fragrance and, 92 plant speciation and, 323, 324 pollination interactions, 324, 326 return visits to flowers, 134(fig.) search times, 108 spatial learning, 127-45 see also individual species hybridization, pollination interactions,

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment