survival strategies of freshwater phytoplankton

With little adjustment, the primary strategies (otherwise, functional types) of plants

devised by Grime (1979, 2001) are known to apply to other types of organism,

including phytoplankton. The application of the scheme to plankton (Reynolds,

1988a) required some modest adjustment but the relevant morphological and

physiological characteristics

are, of course, peculiar to planktic algae. These are

listed below, following Reynolds (1988a, 1995a) but include the features of a new

subcategory (ss) to accommodate features of permanent stress-tolerant algae of

ultraoligotrophic oceans.

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