New Transportation Land Use System

It is possible to build new communities and transportation systems that accommodate people's strong preferences for automobility and single-family homes, while ensuring that these are safer, cleaner, more pleasant, and more socially integrated than traditional transportation and planning measures. In this chapter, I propose a transportation system and an urban design that meets these criteria. Two points are central to this proposal:

1. Virtually all that is undesirable in the current land use transportation system stems from the fact that FHVs are present everywhere.

2. Every place within a community (i.e., every household, business, and public place) must have direct access to two completely independent travel networks: one that serves FHVs; one that accommodates LLMs.

FHVs are dangerous. They consume a lot of energy and materials, contribute to pollution in significant ways, and require an extensive, expensive, and unsightly infrastructure. FHV roads cut a wide swath through communities, crowding out people, places, and other forms of transportation. However, most people depend on FHVs to provide an irreplaceable service. Thus, current infrastructure designs must ensure that FHVs have access to all areas. The basic conflict posed by people's dependence on FHVs and the problems that stem from their presence everywhere can be resolved, however, if non-motorized traffic is separated from motorized traffic on the LLM network where traffic volumes are high.

What exactly would this dual-mode transportation network and community look like, and what advantages would it have over present transportation and land-use plans? In turn I discuss the plan and its general advantages, review similar ideas, discuss the impacts on transportation problems, and discuss the economics.

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