Agricultural and Forest Land Area

According to the FAOSTAT database (FAO 2009b), there was 50 million km2 of agricultural land in 2005; of this, nearly 16 million km2 was used as cropland and 34 million km2 as pasture. The largest increase in agricultural area since 1990 occurred in the tropical nations of Africa, Asia, and South America (Figure 2.3). In Europe, North America, and Oceania, agricultural land decreased slightly.2

In these statistics, Europe contains the former Soviet Union nations, while North America includes Central America and the Caribbean islands.

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