Contents

The Ernst Strüngmann Forum ix

List of Contributors xi

1 Linkages of Sustainability 1 An Introduction

Thomas E. Graedel and Ester van der Voet Land, Human, and Nature

2 Agriculture and Forests 11 Recent Trends, Future Prospects

Navin Ramankutty

3 Perspectives on Sustainability of 33 Ecosystem Services and Functions

Oswald J. Schmitz

4 Human Capital, Social Capital, and Institutional Capacity 47

Steve Rayner

5 Stocks, Flows, and Prospects of Land 71

Karen C. Seto, Rudolf de Groot, Stefan Bringezu, Karlheinz Erb, Thomas E. Graedel, Navin Ramankutty, Anette Reenberg, Oswald J. Schmitz, and David L. Skole

Nonrenewable Resources

6 Mineral Resources 99 Quantitative and Qualitative Aspects of Sustainability

Yuichi Moriguchi

7 Geological Stocks and Prospects for Nonrenewable Resources 109

Stephen E. Kesler

8 Deteriorating Ore Resources 131 Energy and Water Impacts

Terry E. Norgate

9 Transforming the Recovery and Recycling 149 of Nonrenewable Resources

Markus A. Reuter and Antoinette van Schaik

10 Complex Life Cycles of Precious and Special Metals 163

Christian Hagelüken and Christina E. M. Meskers

11 Stocks, Flows, and Prospects of Mineral Resources 199

Heather L. MacLean, Faye Duchin, Christian Hagelüken, Kohmei Halada, Stephen E. Kesler, Yuichi Moriguchi, Daniel Mueller, Terry E. Norgate, Markus A. Reuter, and Ester van der Voet

Water

12 Global Water Balance 221

Johannes A. C. Barth, Viachaslau Filimonau, Peter Bayer, Wilhelm Struckmeier, and Peter Grathwohl

13 Water Quality as a Component of a Sustainable Water Supply 233

Thomas P. Knepper and Thomas A. Ternes

14 Interactions of the Water Cycle with Energy, Material 243 Resources, Greenhouse Gas Production, and Land Use

Heleen De Wever

15 Issues of Unsustainability Related to Water 267

Motomu Ibaraki

16 Measuring and Modeling the Sustainability 291 of Global Water Resources

Shinjiro Kanae

17 Stocks, Flows, and Prospects of Water 309

Klaus Lindner, Thomas P. Knepper, Mohamed Tawfic Ahmed, Johannes A. C. Barth, Paul J. Crutzen, Fabian M. Dayrit, Heleen De Wever, Motomu Ibaraki, Shinjiro Kanae, Marco Schmidt, and Thomas A. Ternes

Energy

18 Resources, Reserves, and Consumption of Energy 323

Donald L. Gautier, Peter J. McCabe, Joan Ogden, and Trevor N. Demayo

19 Considering Issues of Energy Sustainability 341

Thomas J. Wilbanks

20 Measuring Energy Sustainability 355

David L. Greene

21 Energy without Constraints? 375

Ernst Worrell

22 Stocks, Flows, and Prospects of Energy 389

Andreas Loschel, John Johnston, Mark A. Delucchi, Trevor N. Demayo, Donald L. Gautier, David L. Greene, Joan Ogden, Steve Rayner, and Ernst Worrell

Next Steps

23 Climate Change, Land Use, Agriculture, 421 and the Emerging Bioeconomy

David L. Skole and Brent M. Simpson

24 Enhancing Resource Sustainability by Transforming 439 Urban and Suburban Transportation

Mark A. Delucchi

25 The Emerging Importance of Linkages 461

Ester van der Voet and Thomas E. Graedel

Appendixes 471

List of Abbreviations 481

Bibliography 487

Subject Index 527

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