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Figure 2.7 Trends in population, food production, and various factors of food production since 1960 (FAO 2009b). Food production has clearly kept pace with increased population growth. Intensification (irrigation, fertilization) has contributed more to increased food production than expansion of cultivated area.

Let us now briefly examine how food production has changed in different regions of the world relative to population growth (Figure 2.8). Per-capita food production has improved dramatically in every region of the world since 1961, except Africa (and especially Sub-Saharan Africa), where it has remained steady. Although some progress has been made since 1990, Africa has the lowest per-capita food production in the world today. Indeed, malnutrition statistics show that while the number of undernourished people in developing

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