Contents

Viii ix

Preface

Hon Virginia Chadwick AO

Acronyms

Author Biographies

1 Introduction to the Great Barrier Reef

P. A. Hutchings, M. J. Kingsford & O. Hoegh-Guldberg

Section 1 Nature of the Reef

2 Geomorphology of Coral Reefs with Special Reference to the Great Barrier Reef 5

D. Hopley

3 The Great Barrier Reef in Time and

Space: Geology and Palaeobiology 17

4 Oceanography 28

5 Coral Reef Habitats and Assemblages 40

6 Seabed Environments, Habitats and Biological Assemblages 51

7 Primary Production, Nutrient Recycling and Energy Flow through

Coral Reef Ecosystems 59

O. Hoegh-Guldberg & S. Dove

8 Calcification, Erosion and the Establishment of the Framework of Coral Reefs 74

P. A. Hutchings & O. Hoegh-Guldberg

Section 2 Factors Affecting the Great Barrier Reef

9 Human Impact on Coral Reefs 85

10 The Future of Coral Reefs in a

Rapidly Changing World 95

O. Hoegh-Guldberg

1 1 Terrestrial Runoff to the Great Barrier Reef and the Implications for Its Long Term Ecological Status 108

J. Brodie & K. Fabricius

12 Planning and Managing the Great

Barrier Reef Marine Park 114

13 Biodiversity 122

Section 3 Taxonomic Overview of Reef Organisms

14 Plankton 129

M. J. Kingsford, K. Heimann, C. G. Alexander & A. D. McKinnon

15 Macroalgae 145

G. Diaz-Pulido

16 Mangroves and Seagrasses 156

17 Sponges 171

18 Pelagic Cnidaria and Ctenophora

19 Hexacorals 1: Sea Anemones and Anemone-like Animals (Actiniaria, Zoanthidea, Corallimorpharia, Ceriantharia and Antipatharia)

20 Hexacorals 2: Reef-building or Hard Corals (Scleractinia)

21 Octocorals

P. Alderslade & K. Fabricius

22 Worms

P. A. Hutchings

23 Arthropoda: Crustaceans and Pycnogonids

24 Mollusca

188 25 Bryozoa

26 Echinodermata

M. Byrne

199 27 Tunicata

P. Kott

28 The Fish Assemblages of the Great Barrier Reef: Their Diversity and Origin 327

222 29 Reptiles

H. Heatwole & V. Lukoschek

246 30 Marine Mammals

H. Marsh

31 Seabirds

Epilogue

P. A. Hutchings, M. J. Kingsford & O. Hoegh-Guldberg

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