Biotechnologically Important Strains of Microalgae

About 10 000 strains of microalgae have been isolated from natural habitats and are kept in numerous culture collections around the world (e.g., UTEX, Austin, USA; IAM, University of Tokyo, Japan; CCALA, Trebon, Czech Republic; ISE CNR, Italy). However, to date, only a few microalgal strains, mostly of aquatic origin, have been cultivated in large scale production systems of hundreds to thousands of liters. Basically, these strains belong to two groups of unicellular or filamentous photo synthetic microorganisms - prokaryotic cyanobacteria and eukaryotic algae.

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