Further Reading

Anderson DM, Gilbert PM, and Burkholder JM (2002) Harmful algal blooms and eutrophication: Nutrient sources, composition and consequences. Estuaries 25: 704 726.

Boesch DF, Brinsfield R, and Magnien R (2001) Chesapeake Bay eutrophication: Scientific understanding, ecosystem restoration, and challenges for agriculture. Journal of Environmental Quality 30: 303 320.

Bricker SB, Clement CG, Pirhalla DE, Orlando SP, and Farrow DRG (1999) National Estuarine Eutrophication Assessment. Effects of Nutrient Enrichment in the Nation's Estuaries. Silver Spring, MD: National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Carmichael WW (2001) Health effects of toxin producing cyanobacteria: 'The CyanoHABs'. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 7(5): 1393 1407.

Cloern JE (2001) Our evolving conceptual model of the coastal eutrophication problem. Marine Ecology Progress Series 210: 223 253.

Graneli E, Turner RE, and Jefferson T (2006) Ecology of Harmful Algae. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.

Hallegraeff GM (1993) A review of harmful algal blooms and their apparent global increase. Phycologia 32: 79 99.

Landsberg JH (2002) The effects of harmful algal blooms on aquatic organisms. Reviews in Fisheries Science 10: 113 390.

Lindeboom H (2002) The coastal zone: An ecosystem under pressure. In: Field JG, Hempel G, and Summerhayes C (eds.) Oceans 2020: Science, Trends, and the Challenge of Sustainability, pp. 51 86. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Newton A, Icely JD, Falcao M, etal. (2003) Evaluation of eutrophication in the Ria Formosa coastal lagoon, Portugal. Continental Shelf Research 23: 1945 1961.

Nixon SW (1995) Coastal marine eutrophication: A definition, social causes, and future concerns. Ophelia 41: 199 219.

Nobre AM, Ferreira JG, Newton A, et al. (2005) Management of coastal eutrophication: Integration of field data, ecosystem scale simulations and screening models. Journal of Marine Systems 56: 375 390.

OSPAR Commission (2005) Synergies between the OSPAR

Comprehensive Procedure, the integrated set of OSPAR EcoQOs for eutrophication and the EC Water Framework Directive.

Rabalais NN (2002) Nitrogen in aquatic ecosystems. Ambio 31(2): 102 112.

Rabalais NN (2004) Eutrophication. In: Robinson AR, McCarthy J, and Rothschild BJ (eds.) The Global Coastal Ocean: Multiscale Interdisciplinary Processes, The Sea, vol. 13, ch. 21, pp. 819 865. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Rabalais NN and Turner RE (2001) Coastal Hypoxia: Consequences for Living Resources and Ecosystems. Coastal and Estuarine Studies 58, 454 pp. Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union.

Rabalais NN, Turner RE, and Wiseman WJ, Jr. (2002) Hypoxia in the Gulf of Mexico, a.k.a. 'The dead zone'. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 33: 235 263.

Sellner KG, Doucette GJ, and Kirkpatrick GJ (2003) Harmful algal blooms: Causes, impacts, and detection. Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 30: 383 406.

Smayda T (1990) Novel and nuisance phytoplankton blooms in the sea: Evidence for a global epidemic. In: Graneli E, Sundstrom B, Edler L, and Anderson DM (eds.) Toxic Marine Phytoplankton, pp. 29 40. New York: Elsevier.

Syvitski JPM, Harvey N, Wolanski E, et al. (2005) Dynamics of the coastal zone. In: Crossland CJ, Kremer HH, Lindeboom HJ, Marshall Crossland JI, and Le Tissier MDA (eds.) Coastal Fluxes in the Anthropocene, pp. 39 94. Berlin: Springer.

Tett P, Gilpin L, Svendsen H, et al. (2003) Eutrophication and some European waters of restricted exchange. Continental Shelf Research 23: 1635 1671.

Turner RE and Rabalais NN (1994) Coastal eutrophlcation near the Mississippi River delta. Nature 368: 619 621.

Van Dolah FM (2000) Diversity of marine and freshwater algal toxins. In: Botana LM (ed.) Seafood and Freshwater Toxins: Pharmacology, Physiology, and Detection, pp. 19 43. New York: Dekker.

Wolanski E (2001) Oceanographic Processes of Coral Reefs: Physical and Biological Links in the Great Barrier Reef. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

Wolanski E (2006) The Environment in Asia Pacific Harbours. Dordrecht: Springer.

Wolanski E, Boorman LA, Chicharo L, et al. (2004) Ecohydrology as a new tool for sustainable management of estuaries and coastal waters. Wetlands Ecology and Management 12: 235 276.

Wolanski E and De'ath G (2005) Predicting the present and future human impact on the Great Barrier Reef. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 64: 504 508.

Wolanski E, Richmond R, McCook L, and Sweatman H (2003) Mud, marine snow and coral reefs. American Scientist 91: 44 51.

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