Typically, landscape planning provides information about the existing qualities of the landscape and nature, which are considered to be nature or landscape potentials, and their value as well as their sensitivity to impacts, the existing and potential impacts on these poten tials, and the objectives and guidelines for the development ofthe landscape and nature, upon which proposed measures and development plans can be measured.
With this information, landscape planning provides evaluation guidelines for the impact regulations and for the part of the environmental impact assessment which is concerned with the landscape and nature. In the beginning phases of planning projects, landscape planning offers a background for the evaluation of alter natives, for example, in the placement of transportation corridors. Landscape planning provides a basis for preliminary opinions about proposed projects, even for projects which were proposed after the completion of the landscape plan.
Bastian and Schreiber describe four main steps in comprehensive landscape planning:
• definition of problem (determination of: planning con text, planning priorities, planning prerequisites);
• inventory, analysis, and diagnosis (determination of the natural potentials: inventory, impact, protection; eva luation of the ecological and esthetic suitability of the existing and proposed lands);
• planning concept (elaboration of: objectives for nature protection and landscape management, alternatives);
• plan of action (definition of requirements and measures necessary to achieve the objectives);
• product: landscape planning program, regional land scape plan, landscape plan;
• implementation (the realization of planning measures through nature protection authorities, nature protec tion organizations, other planning agencies, local governments, public institutions, and individuals);
• review (evaluation of: implementation, planning objec tives, necessary alterations).
Landscape analysis involves the evaluation of elemental, spatial, and temporal pattern of landscape, as well as of dynamics of landscape and land use pattern. The landscape diagnosis provides a comparison of landscape potential with social requirements (stability and load analyses).
As the products of this comprehensive multilevel hier archical system, a landscape program, regional landscape plan, landscape plan, and open space master plan will be elaborated (Table 2).
Was this article helpful?
How would you like to save a ton of money and increase the value of your home by as much as thirty percent! If your homes landscape is designed properly it will be a source of enjoyment for your entire family, it will enhance your community and add to the resale value of your property. Landscape design involves much more than placing trees, shrubs and other plants on the property. It is an art which deals with conscious arrangement or organization of outdoor space for human satisfaction and enjoyment.