And Historical Materialism

Jonathan Hughes

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Ecology and Historical Materialism

This book challenges the widely held view that Marxism is unable to deal adequately with environmental problems. Jonathan Hughes considers the nature of environmental problems and the evaluative perspectives that may be brought to bear on them. He examines Marx's critique of Malthus, his method, and his materialism, interpreting the latter as a recognition of human dependence on nature. Central to the book's argument is an interpretation of the 'development of the productive forces' which takes account of the differing ecological impacts of different productive technologies while remaining consistent with the normative and explanatory roles that this concept plays within Marx's theory. Turning finally to Marx's vision of a society founded on the communist principle 'to each according to his needs', the author concludes that the underlying notion of human need is one whose satisfaction presupposes only a modest and ecologically feasible expansion of productive output.

Jonathan hughes is Research Fellow in Philosophy and Politics at the University of Manchester.

Studies in Marxism and Social Theory

Edited by g. a. cohen, john roemer and erik olin wright

The series is jointly published by the Cambridge University Press and the Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, as part of the joint publishing agreement established in 1977 between the Fondation de la Maison des Sciences de l'Homme and the Syndics of the Cambridge University Press.

The books in the series are intended to exemplify a new paradigm in the study of Marxist social theory. They will not be dogmatic or purely exegetical in approach. Rather, they will examine and develop the theory pioneered by Marx, in the light of the intervening history, and with the tools of non-Marxist social science and philosophy. It is hoped that Marxist thought will thereby be freed from the increasingly discredited methods and presuppositions which are still widely regarded as essential to it, and that what is true and important in Marxism will be more firmly established.

Also in the series jon elster Making Sense of Marx adam przeworski Capitalism and Social Democracy john roemer (ed.) Analytical Marxism jon elster and karl moene (eds.) Alternatives to Capitalism michael taylor (ed.) Rationality and Revolution donald l. donman History, Power, and Ideology david schweickart Against Capitalism philippe van parijs Marxism Recycled john torrance Karl Marx's Theory of Ideas g. a. cohen Self-ownership, Freedom, and Equality erik olin wright Class Counts

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