Abdel-Latief, M. and Hilker, M. (2008) Innate immunity: eggs of Manduca sexta are able to respond to parasitism by Trichogramme evanescens. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 38, 136-145.
Akai, H. and Sato, S. (1973) Ultrastructure of the larval hemocytes of the silkworm Bombyx mori L. Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology, 2, 207-231.
Albrecht, U., Wyler, T., Pfister-Wilhelm, R. et al. (1994) Polydnavirus of the parasitic wasp Chelonus inanitus (Braconidae): characterization, genome organization and time point of replication. Journal of General Virology 75, 3353-3363.
Amaya, K.E., Asgari, S., Jung, R. et al. (2005) Parasitization of Manduca sexta larvae by the parasitoid wasp Cotesia congregata induces an impaired host immune response. Journal of Insect Physiology 51, 505-512.
Andersen, J.N., Mortensen, O.H., Peters, et al. (2001) Structural and evolutionary relationships among protein tyrosine phosphatase domains. Molecular and Cellular Biology 21, 7117-7136.
Annaheim, M. and Lanzrein, B. (2007) Genome organization of the Chelonus inanitus polydnavirus: excision sites, spacers and abundance of proviral and excised segments. Journal of General Virology 88, 450-457.
Asgari, S. (2006) Venom proteins from polydnavirus-producing endoparasitoids: their role in host-parasite interactions. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 61, 146-156.
Asgari, S. and Schmidt, O. (2002) A coiled-coil region of an insect immune suppressor protein is involved in binding and uptake by hemocytes. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 32, 497-504.
Asgari, S., Hellers, M., and Schmidt, O. (1996) Host haemocyte inactivation by an insect parasitoid: transient expression of a polydnavirus gene. Journal of General Virology 77, 2653-2662.
Asgari, S., Schmidt, O., and Theopold, U. (1997) A polyd-navirus-encoded protein of an endoparasitoid wasp is an immune suppressor. Journal of General Virology 78, 3061-3070.
Asgari, S., Theopold, U., Wellby, C., and Schmidt, O. (1998) A protein with protective properties against the cellular defense reactions in insects. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 95, 3690-3695.
Asgari, S., Reineke, A., Beck, M., and Schmidt, O. (2002) Isolation and characterization of a neprilysin-like protein from Venturia canescens virus-like particles. Insect Molecular Biology 11, 477-485.
Asgari, S., Zareie, R., Zhang, G., and Schmidt, O. (2003a) Isolation and characterization of a novel venom protein from an endoparasitoid, Cotesia rubecula (Hym: Braconidae). Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 53, 92-100.
Asgari, S., Zhang, G., Zareie, R., and Schmidt, O. (2003b) A serine proteinase homolog venom protein from an endoparasitoid wasp inhibits melanization of the host hemolymph. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 33, 1017-1024.
Ashida, M., Ochiai, M., and Niki, T. (1988) Immunolocalization of prophenoloxidase among hemocytes of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. Tissue and Cell 20, 599-610.
Attardo, G.M., Strickler-Dinglasan, P., Perkin, S.A. et al. (2006) Analysis of fat body transcriptome from the adult tsetse fly, Glossina morsitans morsitans. Insect Molecular Biology 15, 411-424.
Beck, M. and Strand, M.R. (2003) RNA interference silences Microplitis demolitor bracovirus genes and implicates glc1.8 in disruption of adhesion in infected host cells. Virology 314, 521-535.
Beck, M. and Strand, M.R. (2005) Glc1.8 from Microplitis demolitor bracovirus induces a loss of adhesion and phagocytosis in insect high five and S2 cells. Journal of Virology 79, 1861-1870.
Beck, M.H. and Strand, M.R. (2007) A novel polydnavirus protein inhibits the insect prophenoloxidase activation pathway. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104, 19267-19272.
Beck, M.H., Inman, R.B., and Strand, M.R. (2007) Microplitis demolitor bracovirus genome segments vary in abundance and are individually packaged in virions. Virology 359, 179-189.
Bezier, A., Herbiniere, J., Serbielle, C. et al. (2008) Bracovirus gene products are highly divergent from insect proteins. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 67, 172-187.
Bezier, A., Annaheim, M., Herbiniere, J. et al. (2009) Polydnaviruses of braconid wasps derive from an ancestral nudivirus. Science 323, 926-930.
Bigot, Y., Samain, S., Auge-Gouillou, C., and Federici, B.A. (2008) Molecular evidence for the evolution of ich-noviruses from ascoviruses by symbiogenesis. BMC Evolutionnary Biology 8, 253.
Bonvin, M., Marti, D., Wyder, S. et al. (2005) Cloning, characterization and analysis by RNA interference of various genes of the Chelonus inanitus polydnavirus. Journal of General Virology 86, 973-983.
Choi, J.Y., Roh, J.Y., Kang, J.N. et al. (2005) Genomic segments cloning and analysis of Cotesia plutellae polyd-navirus using plasmid capture system. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 332, 487-493.
Cui, L., Soldevila, A.I., and Webb, B. (2000) Relationships between polydnavirus gene expression and host range of the parasitoid wasp, Campoletis sonorensis. Journal of Insect Physiology 46, 1397-1407.
Cusson, M., Lucarotti, C., Stoltz, D. et al. (1998) A polydna-virus from the spruce budworm parasitoid, Tranosema rostrale (Ichneumonidae). Journal ofInvertebrate Pathology 72, 50-56.
Dani, M.P., Richards, E.H., Isaac, R.E., and Edwards, J.P. (2003) Antibacterial and proteolytic activity in venom from the endoparasitic wasp Pimpla hypochondri-aca (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Journal of Insect Physiology 49, 945-954.
Davies, D.H. and Vinson, S.B. (1988) Interference with function of plasmatocytes of Heliothis virescens in vivo by calyx fluid of the parasitoid Campoletis sonorensis. Cell and Tissue Research 251, 467-475.
De Gregorio, E., Spellman, P.T., Rubin, G.M., and Lemaitre, B. (2001) Genome-wide analysis of the Drosophila immune response by using oligonucleo-tide microarrays. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 98, 12590-12595.
Deng, L., Stoltz, D.B., and Webb, B.A. (2000) A gene encoding a polydnavirus structural polypeptide is not encapsidated. Virology 269, 440-450.
Desjardins, C.A., Gundersen-Rindal, D.E., Hostetler, J.B. et al. (2007) Structure and evolution of a proviral locus of Glyptapanteles indiensis bracovirus. BMC Microbiology 7, 61.
DeVinney, I., Steele-Mortimer, I., and Finlay, B.B. (2000) Phosphatases and kinases delivered to the host cell by bacterial pathogens. Trends in Microbiology 8, 29-33.
Doucet, D. and Cusson, M. (1996) Role of calyx fluid in alterations of immunity in Choristoneura fumiferana larvae parasitized by Tranosema rostrale. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 114A 311-317.
Drezen, J.-M., Huguet, E., Cattolico, L. et al. (2006) The few virus-like genes of Cotesia congregata bracovi-rus, Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology, 61, 110-122.
Dupas, S., Turnbull, M.W., and Webb, B.A. (2003) Diversifying selection in a parasitoid's symbiotic virus among genes involved in inhibiting host immunity. Immunogenetics 26, 351-361.
Dupuy, C., Huguet, E., and Drezen, J.M. (2006) Unfolding the evolutionary story of polydnaviruses. Virus Research 117, 81-89.
Edson, K.M., Vinson, S.B., Stoltz, D.B., and Summers, M.D. (1981) Virus in a parasitoid wasp: suppression of the cellular immune response in the parasitoid's host. Science 211, 582-583.
Eleftherianos, I., Gokcen, F., Felfoldi, G. et al. (2007) The immunoglobulin family protein Hemolin mediates cellular immune responses to bacteria in the insect Manduca sexta. Cellular Microbiology 9, 1137-1147.
Esnault, C., Maestre, J., and Heidmann, T. (2000) Human LINE retrotransposons generate processed pseudo-genes. Nature Genetics 24, 363-367.
Espagne, E., Dupuy, C., Huguet, E. et al. (2004) Genome sequence of a polydnavirus: insights into symbiotic virus evolution. Science 306, 286-289.
Espagne, E., Douris, V., Lalmanach, G. et al. (2005) A virus essential for insect host-parasite interactions encodes cystatins. Journal of Virology 79, 9765-9776.
Essawy, M., Maleville, A., and Brehelin, M. (1985) The haemocytes of Heliothis armigera: ultrastructure, cytochemistry and functions. Journal of Morphology 186, 255-264.
Falabella, P., Varricchio, P., Gigliotti, S. et al. (2003) Toxoneuron nigriceps polydnavirus encodes a putative aspartyl protease highly expressed in parasitized host larvae. Insect Molecular Biology 12, 9-17.
Falabella, P., Varricchio, P., Provost, B. et al. (2007) Characterization of the ikB-like gene family in polyd-naviruses associated with wasps belonging to different Braconid subfamilies. Journal of General Virology 88, 92-104.
Fath-Goodin, A., Gill, T.A., Martin, S.B., and Webb, B.A. (2006) Effect of Campoletis sonorensis ichnovirus cys-motif proteins on Heliothis virescens larval development. Journal of Insect Physiology 52, 576-585.
Faye, I. and Kanost, M.R. (1998) Function and regulation of hemolin. In P.T. Brey and D. Hultmark, eds, Molecular Mechanisms of Immune Responses in Insects, pp. 173-188. Chapman and Hall, New York.
Friedman, R. and Hughes, A.L. (2006) Pattern of gene duplication in the Cotesia congregata Bracovirus. Infection, Genetics and Evolution 6, 315-322.
Führer, E. and Willers, D. (1986) The anal secretion of the endoparasitic larva Pimpla turionellae: sites of production and effects. Journal of Insect Physiology 32, 361-365.
Gad, W. and Kim, Y. (2008) A viral histone H4 encoded by Cotesia plutellae bracovirus inhibits haemocyte-spreading behaviour of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella. Journal of General Virology 89, 931-938.
Gill, T.A., Fath-Goodin, A., Maiti, I.I., and Webb, B.A. (2006) Potential uses of Cys-motif and other polydna-virus genes in biotechnology. Advanced Virus Research 68, 393-426.
Gillespie, J.P., Kanost, M.R., and Trenczek, T. (1997) Biological mediators of insect immunity. Annual Review of Entomology 42, 611-643.
Grosman, A.H., Janssen, A., De Brito, E.F. et al. (2008) Parasitoid increases survival of its pupae by inducing hosts to fight predators. PLoS ONE 3, e2276.
Gundersen-Rindal, D.E. and Pedroni, M.J. (2006) Characterization and transcriptional analysis of protein tyrosine phosphatase genes and an ankyrin repeat gene of the parasitoid Glyptapanteles indiensis polydnavirus in the parasitized host. Journal of General Virology 87, 311-322.
Guzo, D. and Stoltz, D.B. (1987) Observation on cellular immunity and parasitism of the tussock moth. Journal of Insect Physiology 33, 19-31.
Herniou, E.A., Olszewski, J.A., Cory, J.S., and O'Reilly, D.R. (2003) The genome sequence and evolution of bac-uloviruses. Annual Review of Entomology 48, 211-234.
Hu, Y. and Aksoy, S. (2005) An antimicrobial peptide with trypanocidal activity characterized from Glossina morsitans morsitans. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 35, 105-115.
Ibrahim, A.M. and Kim, Y. (2008) Transient expression of protein tyrosine phosphatases encoded in Cotesia plutellae bracovirus inhibits insect cellular immune responses. Naturwissenschaften 95, 25-32.
Ibrahim, A.M., Choi, J.Y., Je, Y.H., and Kim, Y. (2007) Protein tyrosine phosphatases encoded in Cotesia plutellae bracovirus: sequence analysis, expression profile, and a possible biological role in host immunosup-pression. Developmental and Comparative Immunology 31, 978-990.
Kadash, K., Harvey, J.A., and Strand, M.R. (2003) Cross-protection experiments with parasitoids in the genus Microplitis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) suggest a high level of specificity in their associated bracoviruses. Journal of Insect Physiology 49, 473-482.
Kamita, S.G., Nagasaka, K., Chua, J.W. et al. (2005) A baculovirus-encoded protein tyrosine phosphatase gene induces enhanced locomotory activity in a lepi-dopteran host. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 102, 2584-2589.
Kim, Y. (2005) Identification of host translation inhibitory factor of Campoletis sonorensis ichnovirus on the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 59, 230-244.
Kitano, H. (1982) Effect of the venom of the gregarious parasitoid, Apanteles glomeratus on its hemocytic encapsulation by the host, Pieris. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 40, 61-67.
Krell, P.J. and Stoltz, D.B. (1980) Virus-like particles in the ovary of an ichneumonid wasp: purification and preliminary characterization. Virology 101, 408-418.
Kroemer, J.A. and Webb, B.A. (2005) IcB-related vankyrin genes in the Campoletis sonorensis ichnovirus: temporal and tissue-specific patterns of expression in parasitized Heliothis virescens lepidopteran hosts. Journal of Virology 79, 7617-7628.
Kwon, B. and Kim, Y. (2008) Transient expression of an EP1-like gene encoded in Cotesia plutellae bracovirus suppresses the hemocyte population in the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella. Developmental and Comparative Immunology 32, 932-942.
Labropoulou, V., Douris, V., Stefanou, D. et al. (2008) Endoparasitoid wasp bracovirus-mediated inhibition of hemolin function and lepidopteran host immuno-suppression. Cellular Microbiology 10, 2118-2128.
Lapointe, R., Wilson, R., Vilaplana, L. et al. (2005) Expression of a Toxoneuron nigriceps polydnavirus-encoded protein causes apoptosis-like programmed cell death in lepidopteran insect cells. Journal of General Virology 86, 963-971.
Lapointe, R., Tanaka, K., Barney, W.E. et al. (2007) Genomic and morphological features of a banchine polydnavi-rus: comparison with bracoviruses and ichnoviruses. Journal of Virology 81, 6491-6501.
Lavine, M.D. and Beckage, N.E. (1995) Polydnaviruses: potent mediators of host insect immune dysfunction. Parasitology Today 11, 368-378.
Lavine, M.D. and Strand, M.R. (2002) Insect hemocytes and their role in immunity. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 32, 1295-1309.
Lee, S., Nalini, M. and Kim, Y. (2008) A viral lectin encoded in Cotesia plutellae bracovirus and its immunosuppres-sive effect on host hemocytes. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 149, 351-3561.
Levy, F., Bulet, P. and Ehret-Sabatier, L. (2003) Proteomic analysis of the systemic immune response of Drosophila. Molecular and Cellular Proteomics 3, 156-166.
Li, X. and Webb, B.A. (1994) Apparent functional role for a cysteine-rich polydnavirus protein in suppression of the insect cellular immune response. Journal of Virology 68, 7482-7489.
Liu, J., Shi, G.P., Zhang, W.Q. et al. (2006) Cathepsin L function in insect moulting: molecular cloning and functional analysis in cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera. Insect Molecular Biology 15, 823-834.
Locke, M., Kiss, A. and Sass, M. (1994) The cuticular localization of integument peptides from particular routing categories. Tissue and Cell 26, 707-734.
Loret, S.M. and Strand, M.R. (1998) Follow-up of protein release from Pseudoplusia includens hemocytes: a first step toward identification of factors mediating encapsulation in insects. European Journal of Cellular Biology 76, 146-155.
Lu, Z., Beck, M.H., Wang, Y. et al. (2008) The viral protein Egf1.0 is a dual activity inhibitor of prophenoloxidase-activating proteinases 1 and 3 from Manduca sexta. Journal of Biological Chemistry 283, 21325-21333.
Luckhart, S. and Webb, B.A. (1996) Interaction of a wasp ovarian protein and polydnavirus in host immune suppression. Devlopmental and Comparative Immunology 20, 1-21.
Marmaras, V.J., Charalambidis, N.D., and Zervas, C.G. (1996) Immune response in insects: the role of phe-noloxidase in defense reactions in relation to melani-zation and sclerotization. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 31, 119-133.
Moreau, S.J., Eslin, P., Giordanengo, P., and Doury, G. (2003) Comparative study of the strategies evolved by two parasitoids of the genus Asobara to avoid the immune response of the host, Drosophila melanogaster. Developmental and Comparative Immunology 27, 273-282.
Murphy, N., Banks, J.C., Whitfield, J.B., and Austin, A.D. (2008) Phylogeny of the parasitic microgastroid subfamilies (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) based on sequence data from seven genes, with an improved time estimate of the origin of the lineage. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47, 378-395.
Nalini, M. and Kim, Y. (2007) A putative protein translation inhibitory factor encoded by Cotesia plutellae bra-covirus suppresses host hemocyte-spreading behavior. Journal of Insect Physiology 53, 1283-1292.
Pech, L.L. and Strand, M.R. (1996) Granular cells are required for encapsulation of foreign targets by insect haemocytes. Journal of Cell Science 109, 2053-2060.
Prevost, G., Eslin, P., Doury, G. et al. (2005) Asobara, brac-onid parasitoids of Drosophila larvae: unusual strategies to avoid encapsulation without VLPs. Journal of Insect Physiology 51, 171-179.
Provost, B., Varricchio, P., Arana, E. et al. (2004) Bracoviruses contain a large multigene family coding for protein tyrosine phosphatases. Journal of Virology 78, 13090-13103.
Pruijssers, A.J. and Strand, M.R. (2007) PTP-H2 and PTP-H3 from Microplitis demolitor Bracovirus localize to focal adhesions and are antiphagocytic in insect immune cells. Journal of Virology 81, 1209-1219.
Rana, R.L., Dahlman, D.L., and Webb, B.A. (2002) Expression and characterization of a novel teratocyte protein of the braconid, Microplitis croceipes (cresson). Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 32, 1507-1516.
Ribeiro, C. and Brehelin, M. (2006) Insect haemocytes: what type of cell is that? Journal of Insect Physiology 52, 417-429.
Ribeiro, C., Simoes, N., and Brehelin, M. (1996) Insect immunity: the haemocytes of the armyworm Mythimna unipuncta and their role in defense reactions. In vivo and in vitro studies. Journal of Insect Physiology 42, 815-822.
Rotheram, S.M. (1973) The surface of the egg of a parasitic insect. II. The ultrastructure of the particulate coat on the egg of Nemeritis. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London [Biology] 183, 195-204.
Saito, H., Kurata, S., and Natori, S. (1992) Purification and characterization of a hemocyte proteinase of Sarcophaga, possibly participating in elimination of foreign substances. European Journal of Biochemistry 209, 939-944.
Schmidt, O., Theopold, U., and Strand, M. (2001) Innate immunity and its evasion and suppression by hymen-opteran endoparasitoids. Bioessays 23, 344-351.
Schmidt, O., Glatz, R.V., Asgari, S., and Roberts, H.L. (2005) Are insect immune suppressors driving cellular uptake reactions? Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 60, 153-158.
Serbielle, C., Chowdhury, S., Pichon, S. et al. (2008) Viral cystatin evolution and three-dimensional structure modelling: a case of directional selection acting on a viral protein involved in a host-parasitoid interaction. BMC Biology 6, 38.
Shelby, K.S. and Webb, B.A. (1999) Polydnavirus-mediated suppression of insect immunity. Journal of Insect Physiology 45, 507-514.
Shelby, K.S., Cui, L., and Webb, B.A. (1998) Polydnavirus-mediated inhibition of lysozyme gene expression and the antibacterial response. Insect Molecular Biology 7, 265-272.
Shelby, K.S., Adeyeye, O.A., Okot-Kotber, B.M., and Webb, B.A. (2000) Parasitism-linked block of host plasma mel-anization. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 75, 218-225.
Stettler, P., Trenczek, T., Wyler, T. et al. (1998) Overview of parasitism associated effects on host haemocytes in l arval parasitoids and comparison with effects of the egg-larval parasitoid Chelonus inanitus on its host Spodoptera littoralis. Journal of Insect Physiology 44, 817-831.
Stoltz, D.B. and Cook, D. (1983) Inhibition of host phe-noloxydase activity by parasitoid Hymenoptera. Experientia 39, 1022-1024.
Stoltz, D.B. and Guzo, D. (1986) Apparent haemocytic transformation associated with parasitoid induced inhibition of immunity in Malacosoma disstria larvae. Journal of Insect Physiology 32, 377-388.
Stoltz, D.B., Guzo, D., and Cook, D. (1986) Studies on polydnavirus transmission. Virology 155, 120-131.
Stoltz, D.B., Guzo, D., Belland, E.R. et al. (1988) Venom promotes uncoating in vitro and persistence in vivo of DNA from a braconid polydnavirus. Journal of General Virology 69, 903-907.
Strand, M.R. (1994) Microplitis demolitor polydnavirus infects and expresses in specific morphotypes of Pseudoplusia includens haemocytes. Journal of General Virology 75, 3007-3020.
Strand, M.R. and Noda, T. (1991) Alterations in the haemocytes of Pseudoplusia includens after parasitism by Microplitis demolitor. Journal of Insect Physiology 37, 839-850.
Strand, M.R. and Pech, L.L. (1995a) Microplitis demolitor polydnavirus induces apoptosis of a specific haemo-cyte morphotype in Pseudoplusia includens. Journal of General Virology 76, 283-291.
Strand, M.R. and Pech, L.P. (1995b) Immunological basis for compatibility in parasitoid-host relationships. Annual Review of Entomology 40, 31-56.
Strand, M.R. and Clark, K.D. (1999) Plasmatocyte spreading peptide induces spreading of plasmatocytes but represses spreading of granulocytes. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 42, 213-223.
Strand, M.R., Witherell, R.A., and Trudeau, D. (1997) Two Microplitis demolitor polydnavirus mRNAs expressed in hemocytes of Pseudoplusia includens contain a common cysteine-rich domain. Journal of Virology 71, 2146-2156.
Suderman, R.J., Pruijssers, A.J., and Strand, M.R. (2008) Protein tyrosine phosphatase-H2 from a polydnavi-rus induces apoptosis of insect cells. Journal of General Virology 89, 1411-1420.
Tanaka, K., Lapointe, R., Barney, W.E., et al. (2007) Shared and species-specific features among ichnovirus genomes. Virology 363, 26-35.
Tanaka, T. (1987) Morphological changes in haemo-cytes of the host, Pseudaletia separata, parasitized by Microplitis mediator or Apanteles kariyai. Developmental and Comparative Immunology 11, 57-67.
Tanaka, T. and Wago, H. (1990) Ultrastructural and functional maturation of teratocytes of Apanteles kari-yai. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 13, 187-197.
Teramoto, T. and Tanaka, T. (2004) Mechanism of reduction in the number of the circulating hemocytes in the Pseudaletia separata host parasitized by Cotesia kariyai. Journal of Insect Physiology 50, 1103-1111.
Thoetkiattikul, H., Beck, M.H., and Strand, M.R. (2005) Inhibitor kB-like proteins from a polydnavirus inhibit NF-kB activation and suppress the insect immune response. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 102, 11426-11431.
Turnbull, M. and Webb, B. (2002) Perspectives on polyd-navirus origins and evolution. Advanced Virus Research 58, 203-254.
Turnbull, M.W., Volkoff, A.N., Webb, B.A., and Phelan, P. (2005) Functional gap junction genes are encoded by insect viruses. Current Biology 15, R491-R492.
Vinson, S.B. (1972) Factors involved in the succesful attack on Heliothis virescens by the parasitoid Cardiochiles nigri-ceps. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 25, 375-378.
Wago, H. and Tanaka, T. (1989) Synergistic effect of calyx fluid and venom of Apanteles Kariyai Watanabe
(Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on the granular cells of Pseudatelia separata Walker (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Zoological Science 6, 691-696.
Webb, B.A. (1998) Polydnavirus biology, genome structure, and evolution. In A. Ball and L. K. Miller, eds, The Insect Viruses, pp. 105-139, Plenum Press, New York.
Webb, B.A. and Summers, M.D. (1990) Venom and viral expression products of the endoparasitic wasp Campoletis sonorensis share epitopes and related sequences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 87, 4961-4965.
Webb, B.A. and Luckhart, S. (1994) Evidence for an early immunosuppressive role for related Campoletis sonorensis venom and ovarian proteins in Heliothis vires-cens. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 26, 147-163.
Webb, B. and Luckhart, S. (1996) Factors mediating short-and long term immune suppression in a parasitized insect. Journal of Insect Physiology 42, 33-40.
Webb, B.A., Strand, M.R., Dickey, S.E. et al. (2006) Polydnavirus genomes reflect their dual roles as mutualists and pathogens. Virology 347, 160-174.
Weber, B., Annaheim, M., and Lanzrein, B. (2007) Transcriptional analysis of polydnaviral genes in the course of parasitization reveals segment-specific patterns. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 66, 9-22.
Whitfield, J.B. (2002) Estimating the age of the polyd-navirus/braconid wasp symbiosis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 21, 7508-7513.
Willers, D., Lehmann-Danzinger, H., and Fuhrer, E. (1982) Antibacterial and antimycotic effect of a newly discovered secretion from larvae of an endoparasitic insect, Pimpla turionellae L. (hym.). Archives of Microbiology 133, 225-229.
Wyder, S., Blank, F., and Lanzrein, B. (2003) Fate of polydnavirus DNA of the egg-larval parasitoid Chelonus inanitus in the host Spodoptera littoralis. Journal of Insect Physiology 49, 491-500.
Zhang, G., Schmidt, O., and Asgari, S. (2004) A novel venom peptide from an endoparasitoid wasp is required for expression of polydnavirus genes in host hemocytes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279, 41580-41585.
Was this article helpful?
All Natural Immune Boosters Proven To Fight Infection, Disease And More. Discover A Natural, Safe Effective Way To Boost Your Immune System Using Ingredients From Your Kitchen Cupboard. The only common sense, no holds barred guide to hit the market today no gimmicks, no pills, just old fashioned common sense remedies to cure colds, influenza, viral infections and more.