Ammar, E.-D. and Hougenhout, S.A. (2006) Mollicutes associated with animals and plants. In Bourtzis, K. and Miller, T.A. eds, Insect Symbiosis, pp. 97-118. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. Anselme, C., Vallier, A., Balmand, S. et al. (2006) Host PGRP gene expression and bacterial release in endo-symbiosis of the weevil Sitophilus zeamais. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 72, 6766-6772. Anselme, C., Perez-Brocal, V., Vallier, A. et al. (2008) Identification of the Weevil immune genes and their expression in the bacteriome tissue. BMC Biology 6, 43. Au, C., Dean, P., Reynolds, S.E., and Ffrench-Constant, R.H. (2004) Effect of the insect pathogenic bacterium Photorhabdus on insect phagocytes. Cellular Microbiology 6, 89-95.

Baker, R.D., Maudlin, I., Milligan, P.J.M. et al. (1990) The possible role of rickettsia-like organisms in trypano-somiasis epidemiology. Parasitology 100, 209-217. Bandi, C., Sironi, M., Damiani, G. et al. (1995) The establishment of intracellular symbiosis in an ancestor of cockroaches and termites. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences 259, 293-299. Baumann, L. and Baumann, P. (2005) Cospeciation between the primary endosymbionts of mealybugs and their hosts. Current Microbiology 50, 84-87. Begun, D.J. and Whitley, P. (2000) Adaptive evolution of relish, a Drosophila NF-kappa B/I kappa B protein. Genetics 154, 1231-1238. Bourtzis, K., Pettigrew, M.M., and O'Neill, S.L. (2000) Wolbachia neither induces nor suppresses transcripts encoding antimicrobial peptides. Insect Molecular Biology 9, 635-639. Braquart-Varnier, C., Lachat, M., Herbiniere, J. et al. (2008) Wolbachia media variation in host immunocompetence. PLoS ONE 3, e3286. Brennan, L.J., Keddie, B.A., Braig, H.R., and Harris, H.L. (2008) The endosymbiont Wolbachia pipientis induces the expression of host antioxidant proteins in an Aedes albopictus cell line. PLoS ONE 3, e2083.

Buchner, P. (1965) Endosymbioses of Animals with Plant Microorganisms. Interscience Publishers, Wiley and Co, New York.

Cascales, E., Buchanan, S.K., Duche, D. et al. (2007) Colicin biology. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews 71, 158-229.

Castro, H.C., Monteiro, R.Q., Assafim, M. et al. (2006) Ecotin modulates thrombin activity through exosite-2 interactions. International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology 38, 1893-1900.

Cheng, Q. and Aksoy, S. (1999) Tissue tropism, transmission and expression of foreign genes in vivo in midgut symbionts of tsetse flies. Insect Molecular Biology 8, 125-132.

Currie, C.R., Scott, J.A., Summerbell, R.C., and Malloch, D. (1999) Fungus-growing ants use antibiotic-producing bacteria to control garden parasites. Nature 398, 701-704.

Currie, C.R., Wong, B., Stuart, A.E. et al. (2003) Ancient tripartite coevolution in the attine ant-microbe symbiosis. Science 299, 386-388.

Daborn, P.J., Waterfield, N., Silva, C.P. et al. (2002) A single Photorhabdus gene, makes caterpillars floppy (mcf), allows Escherichia coli to persist within and kill insects. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 99, 10742-10747.

Dale, C., Plague, G.R., Wang, B. et al. (2002) Type III secretion systems and the evolution of mutualistic endosymbiosis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 99, 12397-12402.

Darby, A.C. and Douglas, A.E. (2003) Elucidation of the transmission patterns of an insect-borne bacterium. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 69, 4403-4407.

Darby, A.C., Tosh, C.R., Walters, K.F.A., and Douglas, A.E. (2003) The significance of a facultative bacterium to natural populations of the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum. Ecological Entomology 28, 145-150.

de Bary, A. (1879) Die Erscheinung der symbiose. Strasbourg, RJ Trubner.

Degnan, P.H. and Moran, N.A. (2008) Diverse phage-encoded toxins in a protective insect endosymbiont. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 74, 6782-6791.

Derzelle, S., Turlin, E., Duchaud, E. et al. (2004) The PhoP-PhoQ two-component regulatory system of Photorhabdus luminescens is essential for virulence in insects. Journal of Bacteriology 186, 1270-1279.

Duchaud, E., Rusniok, C., Frangeul, L. et al. (2003) The genome sequence of the entomopathogenic bacterium Photorhabdus luminescens. Nature Biotechnology 21, 1307-1313.

Dunbar, H.E., Wilson, A.C.C., Ferguson, N.R., and Moran, N.A. (2007) Aphid thermal tolerance is governed by a point mutation in bacterial symbionts. PLoS Biology 5, 1006-1015.

Duron, O., Bouchon, D., Boutin, S. et al. (2008a) The diversity of reproductive parasites among arthropods: Wolbachia do not walk alone. BMC Biology 6, 27.

Duron, O., Hurst, G.D.D., Hornett, E.A. et al. (2008b) High incidence of the maternally inherited bacterium Cardinium in spiders. Molecular Ecology 17, 1427-1437.

Eggers, C.T., Murray, L.A., Delmar, V.A. et al. (2004) The periplasmic serine protease inhibitor ecotin protects bacteria against neutrophil elastase. Biochemical Journal 379, 107-118.

Ferrari, J., Darby, A.C., Daniell, T.J. et al. (2004) Linking the bacterial community in pea aphids with host-plant use and natural enemy resistance. Ecological Entomology 29, 60-65.

Frydman, H.M., Li, J.M., Robson, D.N., and Wieschaus, E.

(2006) Somatic stem cell niche tropism in Wolbachia. Nature 441, 509-512.

Fukatsu, T., Koga, R., Smith, W.A. et al. (2007) Bacterial endosymbiont of the slender pigeon louse, Columbicola columbae, allied to endosymbionts of grain weevils and tsetse flies. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73, 6660-6668.

Fytrou, A., Schofield, P.G., Kraaijeveld, A.R., and Hubbard, S.F. (2006) Wolbachia infection suppresses both host defence and parasitoid counter-defence. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences 273, 791-796.

Geiger, A., Ravel, S., Mateille, T. et al. (2007) Vector competence of Glossina palpalis gambiensis for Trypanosoma brucei s.l. and genetic diversity of the sym-biont Sodalis glossinidius. Molecular Biology and Evolution 24, 102-109.

Goodacre, S.L., Martin, O.Y., Thomas, C.F.G., and Hewitt, G.M. (2006) Wolbachia and other endosymbiont infections in spiders. Molecular Ecology 15, 517-527.

Hansen, A.K., Jeong, G., Paine, T.D., and Stouthamer, R.

(2007) Frequency of secondary symbiont infection in an invasive psyllid relates to parasitism pressure on a geographic scale in California. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73, 7531-7535.

Hao, Z.R., Kasumba, I., Lehane, M.J., Gibson, W.C., Kwon, J. and Aksoy, S. (2001) Tsetse immune responses and trypanosome transmission: implications for the development of tsetse-based strategies to reduce tryp-anosomiasis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 98, 12648-12653.

Hedges, L.M., Brownlie, J.C., O'Neill, S.L., and Johnson, K.N. (2008) Wolbachia and virus protection in insects. Science 322, 702-702.

Hentschel, U., Steinert, M., and Hacker, J. (2000) Common molecular mechanisms of symbiosis and pathogenesis. Trends in Microbiology 8, 226-231.

Hertig, M. (1936) The rickettsia, Wolbachia pipientis (gen et sp. n.) and associated inclusions of the mosquito Culex pipiens. Parasitology 28, 453-486.

Hertig, M. and Wolbach, S. (1924) Studies on Rickettsia-like microorganisms in insects. Journal of Medical Research 44, 329-374.

Hilgenboecker, K., Hammerstein, P., Schlattmann, P. et al. (2008) How many species are infected with Wolbachia?—a statistical analysis of current data. FEMS Microbiology Letters 281, 215-220.

Hoffmann, A.A., Clancy, D., and Duncan, J. (1996) Naturally occurring Wolbachia infections in Drosophila simulans that do not cause cytoplasmic incompatibility. Heredity 76, 1-8.

Hu, Y.J. and Aksoy, S. (2005) An antimicrobial peptide with trypanocidal activity characterized from Glossina morsitans morsitans. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 35, 105-115.

Huger, A.M., Skinner, S.W., and Werren, J.H. (1985) Bacterial infections associated with the Son-Killer Trait in the Parasitoid wasp Nasonia (=Mormeniella) vitripen-nis (Hymenoptera Pteronalidae) Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 46, 272-280.

Huigens, M.E., De Almeida, R.P., Boons, P.A.H. et al. (2004) Natural interspecific and intraspecific horizontal transfer of parthenogenesis-inducing Wolbachia in Trichogramma wasps. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences 271, 509-515.

Hunter, M.S., Perlman, S.J. and Kelly, S.E. (2003) A bacterial symbiont in the Bacteroidetes induces cytoplasmic incompatibility in the parasitoid wasp Encarsia pergan-diella. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences 270, 2185-2190.

Hurst, G.D.D., Bandi, C., Sacchi, L. et al. (1999) Adonia variegata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) bears maternally inherited Flavobacteria that kill males only. Parasitology 118, 125-134.

Hurst, G.D.D., Anbutsu, H., Kutsukake, M., and Fukatsu, T. (2003) Hidden from the host: Spiroplasma bacteria infecting Drosophila do not cause an immune response, but are suppressed by ectopic immune activation. Insect Molecular Biology 12, 93-97.

Jiggins, F.M. and Hurst, G.D.D. (2003) The evolution of parasite recognition genes in the innate immune system: purifying selection on Drosophila melanogaster peptidoglycan recognition proteins. Journal of Molecular Evolution 57, 598-605.

Jiggins, F.M. and Kim, K.W. (2007) A screen for immunity genes evolving under positive selection in Drosophila. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20, 965-970.

Jiggins, F.M., Randerson, J.P., Hurst, G.D.D., and Majerus, M.E.N. (2002) How can sex ratio distorters reach extreme prevalences? Male- killing Wolbachia are not suppressed and have near-perfect vertical transmission efficiency in Acraea encedon. Evolution 56, 2290-2295.

Kaltenpoth, M., Gottler, W., Herzner, G., and Strohm, E. (2005) Symbiotic bacteria protect wasp larvae from fungal infestation. Current Biology 15, 475-479.

Kellner, R.L.L. (2001) Suppression of pederin biosynthesis through antibiotic elimination of endosymbi-onts in Paederus sabaeus. Journal of Insect Physiology 47, 475-483.

Kellner, R.L.L. (2002) Molecular identification of an endo-symbiotic bacterium associated with pederin biosynthesis in Paederus sabaeus (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 32, 389-395.

Kellner, R.L.L. and Dettner, K. (1996) Differential efficacy of toxic pederin in deterring potential arthropod predators of Paederus (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) offspring. Oecologia 107, 293-300.

Laven, H. (1951) Crossing experiments with Culex strains. Evolution 5, 370-375.

Lazzaro, B.P. (2005) Elevated polymorphism and divergence in the class C scavenger receptors of Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans. Genetics 169, 2023-2034.

Lazzaro, B.P. (2008) Natural selection on the Drosophila antimicrobial immune system. Current Opinion in Microbiology 11, 284-289.

Lazzaro, B.P. and Clark, A.G. (2003) Molecular population genetics of inducible antibacterial peptide genes in Drosophila melanogaster. Molecular Biology and Evolution 20, 914-923.

Lus, Y.Y. (1947) Some rules of reproduction in populations of Adalia bipunctata . II. Non-male strains in populations. Doklady Akadami Nauk SSSR 57, 951-954.

Magni, G.E. (1952) Sex-ratio in Drosophila bifasciata. Rendiconti Istituto Lombardo di scienze e lettere 85, 5-23.

Malogolowkin, C. (1958) Maternally inherited 'sex-ratio' condition in Drosophila willistoni and Drosophila paulis-torum. Genetics 43, 274-286.

Malogolowkin, C., Carvalho, G.G., and Da Paz, M.C. (1961) Interspecific transfer of the 'sex-ratio' condition in Drosophila. Genetics 46, 1553-1557.

Montllor, C.B., Maxmen, A., and Purcell, A.H. (2002) Facultative bacterial endosymbionts benefit pea aphids Acrythosiphum pisum under heat stress. Ecological Entomology 27, 189-195.

Moran, N.A. and Baumann, P. (2000) Bacterial endosym-bionts in animals. Current Opinion in Microbiology 3, 270-275.

Moran, N.A. and Dunbar, H.E. (2006) Sexual acquisition of beneficial symbionts in aphids. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 103, 12803-12806.

Moran, N.A., Munson, M.A., Baumann, P., and Ishikawa, H. (1993) A molecular clock in endosymbiotic bacteria is callibrated using the insect hosts. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences 253, 167-171.

Moran, N.A., Degnan, P.H., Santos, S.R. et al. (2005a) The players in a mutualistic symbiosis: insects, bacteria, viruses, and virulence genes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 102, 16919-16926.

Moran, N.A., Russell, J.A., Koga, R., and Fukatsu, T. (2005b) Evolutionary relationships of three new species of Enterobacteriaceae living as symbionts of aphids and other insects. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71, 3302-3310.

Noda, H. and Kodama, K. (1996) Phylogenetic position of yeastlike endosymbionts of anobiid beetles. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 62, 162-167.

Novakova, E. and Hypsa, V. (2007) A new Sodalis lineage from bloodsucking fly Craterina melbae (Diptera, Hippoboscoidea) originated independently of the tsetse flies symbiont Sodalis glossinidius. FEMS Microbiology Letters 269, 131-135.

Oliver, K.M., Russell, J.A., Moran, N.A., and Hunter, M.S. (2003) Facultative bacterial symbionts in aphids confer resistance to parasitic wasps. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 100, 1803-1807.

Oliver, K.M., Moran, N.A., and Hunter, M.S. (2005) Variation in resistance to parasitism in aphids is due to symbionts not host genotype. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 102, 12795-12800.

Oliver, K.M., Moran, N.A., and Hunter, M.S. (2006) Costs and benefits of a superinfection of facultative symbionts in aphids. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences 273, 1273-1280.

Oliver, K.M., Campos, J., Moran, N.A., and Hunter, M.S. (2008) Population dynamics of defensive symbionts in aphids. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences 275, 293-299.

Pan, X.X., Luhrmann, A., Satoh, A. et al. (2008) Ankyrin repeat proteins comprise a diverse family of bacterial type IV effectors. Science 320, 1651-1654.

Perlman, S.J., Hunter, M.S., and Zchori-Fein, E. (2006) The emerging diversity of Rickettsia. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences 273, 2097-2106.

Perotti, M.A., Allen, J.M., Reed, D.L., and Braig, H.R. (2007) Host-symbiont interactions of the primary endosymbiont of human head and body lice. FASEB Journal 21, 1058-1066.

Piel, J., Hofer, I., and Hui, D.Q. (2004) Evidence for a symbiosis island involved in horizontal acquisition of pederin biosynthetic capabilities by the bacterial symbiont of Paederus fuscipes beetles. Journal of Bacteriology 186, 1280-1286.

Rio, R.V.M., Wu, Y.N., Filardo, G., and Aksoy, S. (2006) Dynamics of multiple symbiont density regulation during host development: tsetse fly and its microbial flora. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences 273, 805-814.

Sackton, T.B., Lazzaro, B.P., Schlenke, T.A. et al. (2007) Dynamic evolution of the innate immune system in Drosophila. Nature Genetics 39, 1461-1468.

Scarborough, C.L., Ferrari, J., and Godfray, H.C.J. (2005) Aphid protected from pathogen by endosymbiont. Science 310, 1781-1781.

Scott, J., Oh, D., Yuceer, M. et al. (2008) Bacterial protection of beetle-fungus mutualism. Science 322, 63.

Sharma, S., Waterfield, N., Bowen, D. et al. (2002) The lum-icins: novel bacteriocins from Photorhabdus luminescens with similarity to the uropathogenic-specific protein (USP) from uropathogenic Escherichia coli. FEMS Microbiology Letters 214, 241-249.

Simmonds, H.W. (1928) Mr H.W. Simmonds' conclusion that all-female-producing females form a persistent strain in Suva. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London 3, 43-44.

Skinner, S.W. (1985) Son-killer: a third extrachromosomal factor affecting sex ratios in the parasitoid wasp Nasonia vitripennis. Genetics 109, 745-754.

Stoll, S., Gadau, J., Gross, R., and Feldhaar, H. (2007) Bacterial microbiota associated with ants of the genus Tetraponera. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 90, 399-412.

Teixeira, L., Ferreira, A., and Ashburner, M. (2008) The bacterial symbiont Wolbachia induces resistance to RNA viral infections in Drosophila melanogaster. PLoS Biology, 6, 2753-2763.

Terry, R.S., Smith, J.E., Sharpe, R.G. et al. (2004) Widespread vertical transmission and associated host sex-ratio distortion within the eukaryotic phylum Microspora. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences 271, 1783-1789.

Thao, M.L., Baumann, L., Hess, J.M. et al. (2003) Phylogenetic evidence for two new insect-associated chlamydia of the family Simkaniaceae. Current Microbiology 47, 46-50.

Tsuchida, T., Koga, R., Shibao, H. et al. (2002) Diversity and geographic distribution of secondary endosymbi-otic bacteria in natural populations of the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum. Molecular Ecology 11, 2123-2135.

Tsuchida, T., Koga, R., and Fukatsu, T. (2004) Host plant specialization governed by facultative symbiont. Science 303, 1989-1989.

Vandel, A. (1941) Recherches sur la génétique et la sexualité des Isopodes terrestre VI. Les phénomènes de monologénie chez Onisocides. Bulletin biologique de la France et de la Belgique 75, 316-363.

Weeks, A.R., Marec, F., and Breeuwer, J.A.J. (2001) A mite species that consists entirely of haploid females. Science 292, 2479-2482.

Weeks, A.R., Velten, R., and Stouthamer, R. (2003) Incidence of a new sex-ratio-distorting endosymbiotic bacterium among arthropods. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences 270, 1857-1865.

Weeks, A.R., Turelli, M., Harcombe, W.R. et al. (2007) From parasite to mutualist: rapid evolution of Wolbachia in natural populations of Drosophila. PLoS Biology 5, 997-1005.

Werren, J.H. and Windsor, D.M. (2000) Wolbachia infection frequencies in insects: evidence of global equilibrium. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences 267, 1277-1285.

Wu, M., Sun, L.V., Vamathevan, J. et al. (2004) Phyloge-nomics of the reproductive parasite Wolbachia pipientis wMel: a streamlined genome overrun by mobile genetic elements. PLoS Biology 2, 327-341.

Xi, Z.Y., Gavotte, L., Xie, Y., and Dobson, S.L. (2008) Genome-wide analysis of the interaction between the endosymbiotic bacterium Wolbachia and its Drosophila host. BMC Genomics 9, 1.

Yen, J.H. and Barr, A.R. (1971) New hypothesis of the cause of cytoplasmic incompatibility in Culex pipiens. Nature 232, 657-658.

Zchori-Fein, E. and Perlman, S.J. (2004) Distribution of the bacterial symbiont Cardinium in arthropods. Molecular Ecology 13, 2009-2016.

Zchori-Fein, E., Gottlieb, Y., Kelly, S.E. et al. (2001) A newly discovered bacterium associated with parthenogenesis and a change in host selection behavior in parasitoid wasps. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 98, 12555-12560.

How To Bolster Your Immune System

How To Bolster Your Immune System

All Natural Immune Boosters Proven To Fight Infection, Disease And More. Discover A Natural, Safe Effective Way To Boost Your Immune System Using Ingredients From Your Kitchen Cupboard. The only common sense, no holds barred guide to hit the market today no gimmicks, no pills, just old fashioned common sense remedies to cure colds, influenza, viral infections and more.

Get My Free Audio Book

Post a comment