Another consequence of non-locality is the tendency for intermediate sources and sinks within systems to become blurred. That is, in the limit process that takes introduced energy and matter to ultimate boundary dissipation, there is so much transactional intercompartmental mixing around that causality tends to become evenly spread over the interactive network. In the extreme, this means that all compartments in ecosystems are about equally significant in generating and receiving influences to and from all the others. Originating and terminating at the open boundaries of circumscribing systems, the web of life based on local transactions of energy and matter tends to become quite homogeneous in its unseen ultimate intercomponent relationships (Patten et al., 1990; Fath and Patten, 1999).
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