Conclusions

The idea in this chapter was to check the compliance of ecosystem principles to the evolutionary theory, and to see if one could use these same principles to provide an explanation to different ecological problems usually addressed by different theoretical approaches, assuming that to make real progress in the field of Ecology requires a more general and integrative theory. Does this mean that the other theories have no explanatory power? Definitely no. It just means that they are not universal, and therefore they can only be utilized to explain a relatively narrow number of observations, being in most cases specific for a given type of system. It has been demonstrated that ecosystem principles, namely translated in the Ecological Law of Thermodynamics, are fully compliant with the evolutionary theory and, furthermore, can encompass some of the most well-known non-universal ecological theories.

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