Reference from which these applications of eco-exergy to empower as ecological indicator are extracted:
Bastianoni S, Marchettini N. 1997. Emergy/exergy ratio as a measure of the level of organization of systems. Ecol. Model. 99, 33-40.
Bastianoni S. 2002. Use of thermodynamic orientors to assess the efficiency of ecosys tems: a case study in the lagoon of Venice. Sci. World J. 2, 255-260.
Bastianoni S. 2006. Emergy, empower and the eco-exergy to empower ratio: a recon ciliation of H.T. Odum with Prigogine? Int. J. Ecodyn., in press.
The ratio of exergy to emergy flow (empower) has been used in order to assess the efficiency of an ecosystem in transforming available inputs in actual information and organization in eight aquatic ecosystems located in Argentina, Italy, and USA.
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