African elephants

African elephants (the savanna elephant, Loxodonta africana africana, and the forest elephant, Loxodonta africana cyclotis) are found in 37 countries in the continent, with the savanna elephant distributed over eastern, southern, and western Africa and the forest elephant confined to central and parts of western Africa. The distribution map (fig. A1.2) and the population estimates (table A1.2) are taken from the database of the IUCN/SSC African Elephant Specialist Group, which can be accessed on the Web at http://iucn.org/themes/ssc/sgs/ afesg/aed/aed98.html.

Figure A1.1

Distribution of Asian elephant populations.

Elephant Population

Figure A1.2

Distribution of African elephant populations.

Figure A1.2

Distribution of African elephant populations.

Table A1.2

Summary of African elephant estimates on the continent (1998).

Number of Elephants

- Total Range

Region Country Definite Probable Possible Speculative Area (km2 ) Area (km2 )

Central Africa Cameroon 1,071

Central African Republic 2,515

Chad 0

Congo 0

Democratic Republic of Congo 3,736

Equatorial Guinea 0

Gabon 0

Total 7,322

Eastern Africa Eritrea 2

Ethiopia 321

Kenya 14,364

Rwanda 39

Somalia 0

Sudan 0

Tanzania 67,416

Uganda 215

Total 83,770

5,285

8,704

675

475,440

229,195

1,600

6,605

8,000

622,980

314,274

0

1,600

300

1,284,000

219,310

0

0

0

342,000

255,373

20,219

5,618

120

2,345,410

1,476,560

0

0

80

28,050

14,559

0

7,500

54,294

267,760

263,306

27,104

27,613

63,469

5,365,550

2,772,397

0

0

0

121,320

2,967

0

0

985

1,127,127

59,717

11,350

4,882

100

582,650

112,988

0

20

10

26,340

1,019

0

130

120

637,660

11,783

0

0

0

2,505,810

404,908

12,196

12,078

0

945,090

458,315

565

1,662

280

236,040

11,872

22,698

17,216

1,495

6,182,037

1,063,569

Table A1.2 (Continued )

Region

Number of Elephants

Total

Country

Definite Probable Possible Speculative Area (km )

Range Area (km2 )

Southern Africa Angola 0

Botswana 76,644

Malawi 647

Mozambique 6,898

Namibia 6,263

South Africa 11,905

Swaziland 39

Zambia 15,873

Zimbabwe 63,070

Total 196,845

West Africa Benin 0

Burkina Faso 1,616

Ghana 476

Guinea 0

Guinea Bissau 0

Ivory Coast 51

Liberia 0

Mali 0

Niger 0

Nigeria 157

Senegal 9

Sierra Leone 0

Togo 0

Total 2,489

Total Continental Estimates 301,773

0

0

170

1,246,700

678,785

13,414

13,414

0

600,370

81,486

1,569

1,649

20

118,480

7,968

1,946

4,496

0

801,590

467,062

1,421

1,421

0

825,418

145,015

0

0

0

1,219,912

25,847

0

0

0

17,360

188

6,179

6,694

0

752,610

208,123

8,034

10,185

0

390,580

109,563

17,057

22,623

190

5,973,020

1,724,037

0

400

0

112,620

13,036

606

1,486

0

274,200

18,198

218

1,185

443

238,540

30,202

0

108

140

245,860

2,277

0

0

35

36,120

331

0

495

645

322,460

35,543

0

0

1,783

111,370

22,003

0

950

50

1,240,000

37,024

0

817

100

1,267,000

2,694

0

860

236

923,770

34,383

0

11

10

196,190

8,428

0

0

0

71,740

2,914

0

96

0

56,790

5,430

644

6,228

3,442

5,096,660

212,463

56,196

60,780

68,596

22,617,267

5,772,466

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