Asian elephants

The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) is found in the wild in 13 countries across South and Southeast Asia (table A1.1). More details are available in the action

Table A1.1

Status of Asian elephant populations.

Table A1.1

Status of Asian elephant populations.

Area of Range

Population Estimates

Country

Area of Elephant

Country

(km2)

Range (km2)

Minimum

Maximum

1. India

3,287,590

110,000

26,390

30,770

South

(39,500)

(13,000)

(15,000)

Central

(23,500)

(2,400)

(2,700)

Northwest

(5,500)

(750)

(1,000)

Northeast

(41,000)

(10,200)

(12,000)

Islands

(500)

(40)

(70)

2. Nepal

141,400

>2,500

100

125

3. Bhutan

46,600

1,500

250

500

4. Bangladesh

147,570

1,800

150

250

5. China

9,579,000

2,500

200

250

6. Myanmar

678,000

115,000

4,000

5,000

7. Thailand

513,115

25,500

2,500

3,200

8. Laos

236,800

>20,000

500

1,000

9. Cambodia

181,035

>40,000

250

600

10. Vietnam

340,000

>3,000

70

150

11. Malaysia

329,750

45,000

2,100

3,100

Peninsular

(131,598)

(>20,000)

(1,000)

(1,500)

Sabah

(80,520)

(>25,000)

(1,100)

(1,600)

12. Indonesia

1,919,440

105,000

2,400

3,400

Sumatra

(524,100)

(>100,000)

(2,400)

(3,400)

Kalimantan

(550,200)

(<5,000)

(?)

(?)

13. Sri Lanka

65,610

>15,000

2,500

4,000

Total

17,465,910

486,800

41,410

52,345

The regional figures in parentheses are inclusive of the figures for the country (in the case of India, Malaysia and Indonesia).

The regional figures in parentheses are inclusive of the figures for the country (in the case of India, Malaysia and Indonesia).

plan of the IUCN/SSC Asian Elephant Specialist Group (Santiapillai and Jackson 1990), which is in the process of being updated. The distribution map (fig. A1.1) is modified from Sukumar and Santiapillai (1995) and can be accessed on the Web at http://iucn.org/themes/ssc/sgs/asesg, as well as at www. asiannature.org.

0 0

Post a comment