With elephants distributed in several populations with varying sizes, diverse habitats, and different densities, it should be obvious that management strategies should also vary across their range. Trying to conserve an elephant population numbering a few tens calls for an approach very different from that for a population comprising several thousand individuals. Whether a small or a large population, the availability of habitat would determine management strategy. Although the sizes of elephant populations and their habitats represent a continuum, it is useful to consider the management of four situations: a small population with either restricted or nonrestricted habitat and a large population with restricted or nonrestricted habitat.
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