fauna plant family Orchidaceae O Tigers and leopards are members of the cat family. (note: Scientific names of families of animals end in -idae and those of families of plants end in -ae.)

famine noun a period of severe shortage of food O When the monsoon failed for the second year, the threat of famine became more likely.

famine food noun a plant that is regarded as suitable for eating only when other food is scarce famine relief noun the supplies of basic food sent to help people who are starving fanning noun the spreading out of a horizontal layer of smoke and other pollutants from a chimney fan out verb to spread out from a central point

FAO abbr Food and Agriculture Organization farm noun an area of land used for growing crops and keeping animals to provide food and the buildings associated with it ■ verb to run a farm

Farm Assured noun a UK government scheme to inform the public that farm produce is of good quality according to a set of standards. It is symbolised by a little red tractor on the packaging. farmed adjective grown or produced commercially and not in the wild O farmed salmon farmer noun someone who runs or owns a farm farming noun running a farm, including activities such as keeping animals for sale or for their products and growing crops farming community noun a group of families living near to each other and having farming as their main source of income farmland noun land on a farm which is used for growing crops or rearing animals for food farmland bird noun a bird that nests in an agricultural environment. Many are declining in numbers because of changes in agricultural practices. farmland bird indicator noun a standard way of measuring the frequency of birds found in agricultural areas 'The farmland bird indicator is calculated on the breeding populations of 20 species (including skylark, grey partridge and goldfinch), which have collectively declined by 40% since the mid-1970s. (Delivering the evidence. Defra's Science and Innovation Strategy 2003-06)'

farmstead noun a farmhouse and the farm buildings around it farmworker noun a person who works on a farm farmyard noun the area around farm buildings farmyard manure noun manure formed of cattle excreta mixed with straw, used as a fertiliser. Abbr FYM fast breeder reactor, fast breeder noun a nuclear reactor which produces more fissile material than it consumes, using fast-moving neutrons and making plu-tonium-239 from uranium-238, thereby increasing the reactor's efficiency. Abbr FBR fat noun 1. a compound of fatty acids and glycerol. > lipid 2. a white oily substance in the body of mammals, which stores energy and protects the body against cold (note: Fat has no plural when it means the substance in the body of mammals; the plural fats is used to mean different types of fat.) ■ adjective 1. describing the body of a large person or animal (note: fat - fatter -fattest) 2. referring to an animal which has been reared for meat production and which has reached the correct standard for sale in a market fatal adjective causing death O a fatal accident O a fatal dose fat-soluble adjective referring to a substance that can be dissolved in fat O Vitamin D is fat-soluble. O Polychlorinated bi-phenyls are fat-soluble and collect in the blubber of seals.

fatstock noun livestock which has been fattened for meat production fatten verb to give animals food so as to prepare them for slaughter fatty adjective containing a lot of fat O Fatty foods contribute to the risk of obesity. fault noun 1. a feature that spoils the overall quality of something O a design fault 2. an error, especially in a calculation 3. a change in the position of the rock layers of the Earth's crust in response to stress, leading to earthquakes fault line noun a line of cracks in the Earth's crust occurring where changes in the position of rock layers have taken place and along which earthquakes are likely to occur fault plane noun the face of the rock at a fault where one mass of rock has slipped against another fauna noun the wild animals and birds which live naturally in a specific area. Compare flora favourable condition

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