Evolution of the biosphere a brief history

The origin of the biosphere and of earth's ecology occurred between 3.8 and 3.5 billion years ago. Both autotrophic and heterotrophic origins have been proposed. Previously the heterotrophic use of organic molecules synthesized in the pre-biotic broth was a popular idea (see Lazcano and Miller 1999). More recently, autotrophic theories have re-emerged, for two reasons first, early cell membranes would probably have lacked sufficient permeability to transport large molecules. Second, it is now...