Our concern in this chapter is reforestation, the establishment of forest trees on lands that earlier had supported stands of arboreal vegetation. Afforestation, the conversion to woodlands of sites that never produced trees, is also considered. In the South, however, afforestation would be limited to the dunes along shore lines and the calcareous black belts of Alabama and Texas, but the latter locales are too valuable for agriculture to warrant the effort. Sand dunes do receive some afforestation. Some may suggest that the reclamation of surface-mined lands, severely eroded sites, and the acid-drenched Copper Basin of southeastern Tennessee and northern Georgia calls for afforestation, but these are tracts that once supported fine stands of timber.
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