Concluding Remarks

Aquatic basidiomycetes have been recorded infrequently compared with as-comycetes and anamorphic taxa (Hyde et al., 2000), and of these only C. mangrovei, D. marina, Haloc. villosa and N. vibrissa have been studied in detail with respect to their ecological distribution and role in aquatic habitats (Hyde et al., 1998). All marine basidiomycetes sporulating under submerged conditions have reduced fruit bodies that are adaptations to the marine milieu. None to date have been reported with an anamorphic stage, unlike their freshwater counterparts. The teleomorphs of freshwater basidiomycetes are generally terrestrial with active discharge of their small, ovoid or round, hyaline basidiospores, while their ana-morphs are variously branched. Future studies should focus on: (1) the occurrence of agarics in mangrove soils and whether they can survive saline water; (2) on the physiology and biochemistry of aquatic basidiomycetes; (3) greater attention to the ecology of basidiomycetous yeasts and on (4) a better understanding of the ecology of freshwater species.

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