Conclusions And Perspectives

Basidiomycetes degrading lignocellulose-rich material can have different types of interactions with bacteria. The knowledge of these interactions is, however, very limited and often based on observations and measurements using experimental conditions. Since bacteria can have both negative and positive effects on the growth and activity of lignocellulolytic fungi, it is important to understand if and how specific associations between bacteria and saprotrophic basidiomycetes have evolved. This is not only of basic scientific interest but it will also open up new possibilities for applications in biological wood conservation and medical therapies.

Both culturable and molecular methods are needed to study the bacteria associated with basidiomycetes. The former will immediately give insight into physiological characteristics and potentially applicable metabolites. The latter may also indicate the presence of unknown bacterial species that are associated with basidiomycetes.

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