Introduction

We use the term fruit bodies to encompass all the structures that develop from fungal mycelia to produce and distribute spores or other propagules, including basidiomata—the structures that release sexual spores (meiospores) in Basidi-omycota, as well as a range of structures that produce asexual spores (mito-spores) and some somatic (vegetative) structures, such as stromata and sclerotia, that can survive adverse conditions. Obviously, the phrase encompasses a very wide range of organs but their common feature is that they are multicellular, and their shape and form emerge as a result of a sequence of developmental adjustments. That is, they exhibit a characteristic pattern of morphogenesis.

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