It was already recognized by Greaves (1971) that bacteria may have a strong impact on functioning of wood-degrading basidiomycetes. A practical application that was thought of was the use of antagonistic bacteria to prevent wood decay. However, in the following decades few efforts have been undertaken to examine this further (Murray and Woodward, 2003). This is remarkable since there is increasing awareness of the environmentally harmful effects of the use of wood preservatives (Lebow et al., 2004).
Secondary metabolites of basidiomycetes often have antimicrobial properties and are screened for their use as novel medicines (Abraham, 2001; Liu, 2005). Wood-inhabiting bacteria have, so far, not been studied in this context. Yet, they may reveal a new source of antimycotica and antioxidants.
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