Abesha, E., Caetano-Anolles, G. and Hoiland, K. (2003). Population genetics and spatial structure of the fairy ring fungus Marasmius oreades in a Norwegian sand dune ecosystem. Mycologia, 95(6), 1021-1031.
Adamcik, S. and Kautmanova, I. (2005). Hygrocybe species as indicators of conservation value of grasslands in Slovakia. Cathatelasma, 6, 25-34.
Anderson, I.C., Campbell, C.D. and Prosser, J.I. (2003). Potential bias of fungal 18S rDNA and internal transcribed spacer polymerase chain reaction primers for estimating fungal biodiversity in soil. Environmental Microbiology, 5, 36-47.
Anderson, P., Davidson, C.M., Littlejohn, D., Ure, A.M., Shand, C.A. and Cheshire, M.V. (1997). The translocation of caesium and silver by fungi in some Scottish soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 28, 635-650.
Arnold, A.E., Mejia, L.C., Kyllo, D., Rojas, E.I., Maynard, Z., Robbins, N. and Herre, E.A. (2003). Fungal endophytes limit pathogen damage in a tropical tree. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 100, 15649-15654.
Arnolds, E. (1989). The influence of increased fertilization on the macrofungi of a sheep meadow. Opera Botanica, 100, 7-21.
Arnolds, E. (1992a). Macrofungal communities outside forests. In: Fungi in Vegetation Science (W. Winterhoff, ed.), pp. 113-149. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands.
Arnolds, E. (1992b). The analysis and classification of fungal communities with special reference to macrofungi. In: Fungi in Vegetation Science (W. Winterhoff, ed.), pp. 7-47. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands.
Arnolds, E. and de Vries, B. (1989). Oecologische statistiek van de Nederlandse macrofungi. Coolia, 32, 72-86.
Augustine, D.J. and Frank, D.A. (2001). Effects of migratory grazers on spatial heterogeneity of soil nitrogen properties in a grassland ecosystem. Ecology, 82, 3149-3162.
Avis, P.G., Dickie, I.A. and Mueller, G.M. (2006). A 'dirty' business: Testing the limitations of terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis of soil fungi. Molecular Ecology, 15, 873-882.
Baker, J.M., Ochsner, T.E., Venterea, R.T. and Griffis, T.J. (2007). Tillage and soil carbon sequestration— What do we really know? Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 118, 1-5.
Bakker, E.S., Olff, H., Vandenberghe, C., De Maeyer, K., Smit, R., Gleichman, J.M. and Vera, F.W.M. (2004). Ecological anachronisms in the recruitment of temperate light-demanding tree species in wooded pastures. Journal of Applied Ecology, 41, 571-582.
Bardgett, R.D., Lovell, R.D., Hobbs, P.J. and Jarvis, S.C. (1999). Seasonal changes in soil microbial communities along a fertility gradient of temperate grasslands. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 31, 1021-1030.
Blenis, P.V., Chow, P.S., Duncan, I. and Knowles, N.R. (2004). Cyanide levels near fairy rings affect the growth of grasses and fungi. Canadian Journal of Botany, 82, 1324-1329.
Brodie, E., Edwards, S. and Clipson, N. (2003). Soil fungal community structure in a temperate upland grassland soil. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 45, 105-114.
Burnett, J.H. and Evans, E.J. (1966). Genetical homogeneity and the stability of the mating-type factors of 'fairy rings' of Marasmius oreades. Nature, London, 210(June), 1368-1369.
Caesar-TonThat, T.C. and Cochran, V.L. (2000). Soil aggregate stabilization by a saprophytic lignin— Decomposing basidiomycete fungus — I. Microbiological aspects. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 32, 374-380.
Caesar-TonThat, T.C., Shelver, W.L., Thorn, R.G. and Cochran, V.L. (2001). Generation of antibodies for soil aggregating basidiomycete detection as an early indicator of trends in soil quality. Applied Soil Ecology, 18, 99-116.
Camarero, S., Galletti, G.C. and Martínez, A.T. (1994). Preferential degradation of phenolic lignin units by two white rot fungi. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 60, 4509-4516.
Cantrell, S.A. and Lodge, D.J. (2000). Hygrophoraceae of the Greater Antilles: Hygrocybe subgenus Hygrocybe. Mycological Research, 104, 873-878.
Chapela, I.H., Osher, L.J., Horton, T.R. and Henn, M.R. (2001). Ectomycorrhizal fungi introduced with exotic pine plantations induce soil carbon depletion. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 33, 1733-1740.
Chesters, C.G.C. (1949). Concerning fungi inhabiting soil. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 32, 197-216.
Conant, R.T., Paustian, K. and Elliott, E.T. (2001). Grassland management and conversion into grassland: Effects on soil carbon. Ecological Applications, 11, 343-355.
Couch, H.B. (1995). Diseases of Turfgrasses. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, FL.
Dangerfield, J.M. and Schuurman, G. (2000). Foraging by fungus-growing termites (Isoptera: Termitidae, Macrotermitinae) in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 16, 717-731.
Davies, H. (1813). Welsh Botanology; Part of the First. A Systematic Catalogue of the Native Plants of the Isle of Anglesey in Latin, English and Welsh (with the Habitats of the Rarer Species and a Few Observations). W. Marchant, London.
Deacon, L.J., Pryce-Miller, E.J., Frankland, J.C., Bainbridge, B.W., Moore, P.D. and Robinson, C.H. (2006). Diversity and function of decomposer fungi from a grassland soil. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 38, 7-20.
DEFRA. (2005). Environmental Protection, e-Digest Statistics. Land and Land Use. Key Facts about: Land Use and Land Cover. Land by Agricultural and other Uses: 1998 and 2005, http://www.defra.gov.uk/ environment/statistics/land/kf/ldkf08.htm.
Dickinson, C.H. and Craig, G. (1990). Effects of water on the decomposition and release of nutrients from cow pats. New Phytologist, 115, 139-147.
Dighton, J., Clint, G.M. and Poskitt, J. (1991). Uptake and accumulation of Cs-137 by upland grassland soil fungi — A potential pool of Cs immobilization. Mycological Research, 95, 1052-1056.
Dowson, C.G., Rayner, A.D.M. and Boddy, L. (1989). Spatial dynamics and interactions of the woodland fairy ring fungus, Clitocybe nebularis. New Phytologist, 111, 699-705.
Dutoit, T., Buisson, E., Roche, P. and Alard, D. (2004). Land use history and botanical changes in the calcareous hillsides of Upper-Normandy (north-western France): New implications for their conservation management. Biological Conservation, 115, 1-19.
Ebersohn, C. and Eicker, A. (1997). Determination of the coprophilous fungal fruit body successional phases and the delimitation of species association classes on dung substrates of African game animals. Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica, 38, 183-190.
Edgington, L.V., Khew, K.L. and Barron, G.L. (1971). Fungitoxic spectrum of benzimidazole compounds. Phytopathology, 61, 42-44.
Edwards, P.J. (1984). The growth of fairy rings of Agaricus arvensis and their effect upon grassland vegetation and soil. Journal of Ecology, 72, 505-513.
Edwards, P.J. (1988). Effects of the fairy ring fungus Agaricus arvensis on nutrient availability in grassland. New Phytologist, 110, 377-381.
Eriksson, J. (1949). Notes on Corticium muscicola Bres. and its taxonomical position. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift, 43, 310-315.
Feeney, D.S., Crawford, J.W., Daniell, T., Hallett, P.D., Nunan, N., Ritz, K., Rivers, M. and Young, I.M. (2006). Three-dimensional microorganization of the soil-root-microbe system. Microbial Ecology, 52(1), 151-158.
Fermor, T.R. (1988). Significance of micro-organisms in the composting process for cultivation of edible fungi. In: Treatment of Lignocellulosics with White Rot Fungi (F. Zadrazil and P. Reiniger, eds.), pp. 2130. Elsevier Applied Science Publishers Ltd., Essex, UK.
Fierer, N., Jackson, J.A., Vilgalys, R. and Jackson, R.B. (2005). Assessment of soil microbial community structure by use of taxon-specific quantitative PCR assays. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 71, 4117-4120.
Filer, T.H. (1965). Parasitic aspects of a fairy ring fungus Marasmius oreades. Phytopathology, 55,1132-1134.
Fisher, R.F. (1977). Nitrogen and phosphorus mobilization by fairy ring fungus, Marasmius oreades (Bolt.) Fr. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 9, 239-241.
Ford, P.L., Potter, D.U., Pendleton, R., Pendleton, B., Robbie, W.A. and Gottfried, G.J. (2004). Southwestern grassland ecology. In: Assessment of Grassland Ecosystem Conditions in the Southwestern United States. Volume 1. General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-135-vol. 1 (D.M. Finch, ed.), pp. 18-48. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, CO.
Fowler, D., O'Donoghue, M., Muller, J.B.A., Smith, R.I., Dragosits, U., Skiba, U., Sutton, M.A. and Brimblecombe, P. (2004). A chronology of nitrogen deposition in the UK between 1900 and 2000. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus, 4, 9-23.
Frankland, J.C. (1982). Biomass and nutrient cycling by decomposer basidiomycetes. In: Decomposer Basidiomycetes: Their Biology and Ecology (J.C. Frankland, J.N. Hedger and M.J. Swift, eds.), pp. 241-261. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Freibauer, A., Rounsevell, M.D.A., Smith, P. and Verhagen, J. (2004). Carbon sequestration in agricultural soils in Europe. Geoderma, 122, 1-23.
Frey, S.D., Elliott, E.T., Paustian, K. and Peterson, G.A. (2000). Fungal translocation as a mechanism for soil nitrogen inputs to surface residue decomposition in a no-tillage agroecosystem. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 32, 689-698.
Friedrich, K. (1940). Untersuchungen zur Ökologie der hoheren Pilze. Pflanzenforschung, 22,1-52. Jena. Gustav Fischer.
Galloway, J.N., Schlesinger, W.H., Levy, H., Michaels, A. and Schnoor, J.L. (1995). Nitrogen fixation— Anthropogenic enhancement-environmental response. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 9, 235-252.
Gange, A.C., Gange, E.G., Sparks, T.H. and Boddy, L. (2007). Rapid and recent changes in fungal fruiting patterns. Science 316, 71, in press.
Gardes, M. and Dahlberg, A. (1996). Mycorrhizal diversity in arctic and alpine tundra: An open question. New Phytologist, 133, 147-157.
Garrett, S.D. (1951). Ecological groupings of soil fungi: A survey of substrate relationships. New Phytologist, 50, 149-166.
Gilbert, J.H. (1875). The occurrence of 'fairy rings'. Linnean Society's Journal - Botany, 15, 17-24.
Gramss, G. (1997). Activity of oxidative enzymes in fungal mycelia from grassland and forest soils. Journal of Basic Microbiology, 37, 407-423.
Gramss, G., Ziegenhagen, D. and Sorge, S. (1999). Degradation of soil humic extract by wood- and soil-associated fungi, bacteria, and commercial enzymes. Microbial Ecology, 37, 140-151.
Griffith, G.W., Aron, C., Evans, D.A., Evans, S., Graham, A., Holden, L. and Mitchel, D. (2006). Mycological Survey of Selected Semi-Natural Grasslands in Wales. Final Report August 2006, Contract FC-73-01-403, 55 pp.
Griffith, G.W., Bratton, J.L. and Easton, G.L. (2004). Charismatic megafungi: The conservation of waxcap grasslands. British Wildlife, 15, 31-43.
Griffith, G.W., Easton, G.L. and Jones, A.W. (2002). Ecology and diversity of waxcap (Hygrocybe spp.) fungi. Botanical Journal of Scotland, 54, 7-22.
Griffith, G.W. and Hedger, J.N. (1994). Spatial distribution of mycelia of the liana (L-) biotype of the agaric Crinipellis perniciosa (Stahel) Singer in tropical forest. New Phytologist, 127, 243-259.
Halisky, P.M. and Peterson, J.L. (1970). Basidiomycetes associated with fairy rings in turf. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 97, 225-227.
Hammel, K.E. (1997). Fungal degradation of lignin. In: Driven by Nature—Plant Litter Quality and Decomposition (G. Cadisch and K.E. Giller, eds.). CAB International, Wallingford, UK, 33-45.
Harper, J.E. and Webster, J. (1964). An experimental analysis of coprophilous fungus succession. British Mycological Society Transactions, 47, 511-530.
Harrington, T.J. and Mitchell, D.T. (2002). Colonization of root systems of Carex flacca and C. pilulifera by Cortinarius (Dermocybe) cinnamomeus. Mycological Research, 106, 452-459.
Haselwandter, K. and Read, D.J. (1982). The significance of a root-fungus association in two Carex species of high alpine plant communities. Oecologia, 53, 352-354.
Heal, O.W., Anderson, J.M. and Swift, M.J. (1997). Plant litter quality and decomposition: An historical review. In: Driven by Nature—Plant Litter Quality and Decomposition (G. Cadisch and K.E. Giller, eds.), pp. 3-30. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
Hibbett, D.S., Gilbert, L.B. and Donoghue, M.J. (2000). Evolutionary instability of ectomycorrhizal symbioses in basidiomycetes. Nature, 407, 506-508.
Holdo, R.M., Holt, R.D. and Coughen, M.B. (2007). Plant productivity and soil nitrogen as a function of grazing, migration and fire in an African savanna. Journal of Ecology, 95, 115-128.
Horton, T.R. and Bruns, T.D. (2001). The molecular revolution in ectomycorrhizal ecology: Peeking into the black-box. Molecular Ecology, 10, 1855-1871.
Hudson, H.J. (1968). The ecology of plant remains above the soil. New Phytologist, 67, 837-874.
Hunt, J., Boddy, L., Randerson, P.F. and Rogers, H.J. (2004). An evaluation of 18S rDNA approaches for the study of fungal diversity in grassland soils. Microbial Ecology, 47, 385-395.
Hutton, S.A. and Giller, P.S. (2003). The effects of the intensification of agriculture on northern temperate dung beetle communities. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40, 994-1007.
Iiyama, K., Lam, T.B.T. and Stone, B.A. (1990). Phenolic acid bridges between polysaccharides and lignin in wheat internodes. Phytochemistry, 29, 733-737.
Ikediugwu, F.E.O. and Webster, J. (1970). Antagonism between Coprinus heptemerus and other coprophilous fungi. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 54, 181-187.
Jumpponen, A. and Johnson, L.C. (2005). Can rDNA analyses of diverse fungal communities in soil and roots detect effects of environmental manipulations? A case study from tallgrass prairie. Mycologia, 97, 1177-1194.
Kaiser, P. (1998). Relations of Leucopaxillus giganteus, basidiomycete of fairy rings, with soil microflora and grassland plants. Cryptogamie Mycologie, 19, 45-61.
Keay, S.M. and Brown, A.E. (1990). Colonization by Psilocybe semilanceata of roots of grassland flora. Mycological Research, 94, 49-56.
Kennedy, N., Brodie, E., Connolly, J. and Clipson, N. (2006). Seasonal influences on fungal community structure in unimproved and improved upland grassland soils. Canadian Journal of Microbiology, 52, 689-694.
Kirby, K.J. (2003). What might a British forest-landscape driven by large herbivores look like? English Nature Research Reports Number 530.
Kluczek-Turpeinen, B., Tuomela, M., Hatakka, A. and Hofrichter, M. (2003). Lignin degradation in a compost environment by the deuteromycete Paecilomyces inflatus. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 61, 374-379.
Kreisel, H. and Ritter, G. (1985). Okologie der Grosspilze. In: Handbuch Pilzfr (M. Hennig and H. Kresiel, eds.), pp. 9-47. Gustav Fischer, Jena.
Lam, T.B.T., Iiyama, T.K. and Stone, B.A. (1992). Cinnamic acid bridges between cell wall polymers in wheat and Phalaris inter-nodes. Phytochemistry, 31, 1179-1183.
Lange, M. (1991). Fleshy fungi of grass fields. 3. Reaction to different fertilizers and to age of grass turf—Periodicity of fruiting. Nordic Journal of Botany, 11, 359-368.
Lapierre, C., Jouin, D. and Monties, B. (1989). On the molecular origin of the alkali solubility of Gramineae lignins. Phytochemistry, 28, 1401-1403.
Lawes, J.B., Gilbert, J.H. and Warington, R. (1883). Contributions to the chemistry of "fairy rings". Journal of the Chemical Society (London), 43, 208-223.
Lilleskov, E.A., Fahey, T.J., Horton, T.R. and Lovett, G.M. (2002). Belowground ectomycorrhizal fungal community change over a nitrogen deposition gradient in Alaska. Ecology, 83, 104-115.
Lindahl, B.D., Ihrmark, K., Boberg, J., Trumbore, S.E., Hogberg, P., Stenlid, J. and Finlay, R.D. (2007). Spatial separation of litter decomposition and mycorrhizal nitrogen uptake in a boreal forest. New Phytologist, 173, 611-620.
Lisiewska, M. (1992). Macrofungal on special substrates. In: Fungi in Vegetation Science (W. Winterhoff, ed.), pp. 151-182. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands.
Lussenhop, J. and Wicklow, D.T. (1985). Interaction of competing fungi with fly larvae. Microbial Ecology, 11, 175-182.
Lynch, M.D.J. and Thorn, R.G. (2006). Diversity of basidiomycetes in Michigan agricultural soils. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 72, 7050-7056.
McGranaghan, P., Davies, J.C., Griffith, G.W., Davies, D.R. and Theodorou, M.K. (1999). The survival of anaerobic fungi in cattle faeces. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 29, 293-300.
McKay, R.I. (1968). The association of higher fungi and sand-dune grasses, PhD Thesis, Department of Botany, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews.
Mitchell, F.J.G. (2005). How open were European primeval forests? Hypothesis testing using palaeo-ecological data. Journal of Ecology, 93, 168-177.
Morecroft, M.D., Taylor, M.E. and Oliver, H.R. (1998). Air and soil microclimates of deciduous woodland compared to an open site. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 90, 141-156.
Nagy, L.A. and Harrower, K.M. (1980). Coprous and non-coprous decomposition. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 74, 639-641.
O'Brien, H.E., Parrent, J.L., Jackson, J.A., Moncalvo, J.M. and Vilgalys, R. (2005). Fungal community analysis by large-scale sequencing of environmental samples. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 71, 5544-5550.
O'Connor, K.F. (1983). Nitrogen balances in natural grasslands and extensively managed grassland systems. New Zealand Journal of Ecology, 6, 1-18.
Parker-Rhodes, A.F. (1951). The basidiomycetes of Skokholm Island. VII. Some floristic and ecological calculations. New Phytologist, 50, 227-243.
Parker-Rhodes, A.F. (1952). The basidiomycetes of Skokholm Island. VIII. Taxonomic distributions. New Phytologist, 51, 216-228.
Parker-Rhodes, A.F. (1955). Fairy ring kinetics. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 38, 59-72.
Parton, W.J., Scurlock, J.M.O., Ojima, D.S., Schimel, D.S. and Hall, D.O. (1995). Impact of climate change on grassland production and soil carbon worldwide. Global Change Biology, 1, 13-22.
Phoenix, G.K., Hicks, W.K., Cinderby, S., Kuylenstierna, J.C.I., Stock, W.D., Dentener, F.J., Giller, K.E., Austin, A.T., Lefroy, R.D.B., Gimeno, B.S., Ashmore, M.R. and Ineson, P. (2006). Atmospheric nitrogen deposition in world biodiversity hotspots: The need for a greater global perspective in assessing N deposition impacts. Global Change Biology, 12, 470-476.
Raich, J.W. and Tufekcioglu, A. (2000). Vegetation and soil respiration: Correlations and controls. Biogeochemistry, 48, 71-90.
Rald, E. (1985). Vokshatte som indikatorarter for mykologisk vaerdifulde overdrevslokaliteter. Svampe, 11, 1-9.
Rayner, A.D.M. and Boddy, L. (1988). Fungal Decomposition of Wood: Its Biology and Ecology. Wiley, New York, NY.
Read, D.J. and Perez-Moreno, J. (2003). Mycorrhizas and nutrient cycling in ecosystems—A journey towards relevance? New Phytologist, 157, 475-492.
Reijs, J., Meijer, W.H., Bakker, E.J. and Lantinga, E.A. (2003). Explorative research into quality of slurry manure from dairy farms with different feeding strategies. Njas-Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences, 51, 67-89.
Richardson, M.J. (2001). Diversity and occurrence of coprophilous fungi. Mycological Research, 105, 387-402.
Rillig, M.C. and Mummey, D.L. (2006). Mycorrhizas and soil structure. New Phytologist, 171, 41-53.
Roberts, P. (1999). Rhizoctonia-Forming Fungi: A Taxonomic Guide. Kew, Royal Botanic Gardens, London.
Robinson, C.H., Pryce Miller, E.J. and Deacon, L. (2005). Biodiversity of saprotrophic fungi in relation to their function: Do fungi obey the rules? In: Biological Diversity and Function of Soils (R.D. Bardgett, M.B. Usher and D.W. Hopkins, eds.), pp. 189-215. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Rodriguez, A., Perestelo, F., Carnicero, A., Regalado, V., Perez, R., DelaFuente, G. and Falcon, M.A. (1996). Degradation of natural lignins and lignocellulosic substrates by soil-inhabiting fungi imperfecti. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 21, 213-219.
Rook, A.J. and Tallowin, J.R.B. (2003). Grazing and pasture management for biodiversity benefit. Animal Research, 52, 181-189.
Rotheroe, M., Newton, A., Evans, S. and Feehan, J. (1996). Waxcap-grassland survey. The Mycologist, 10, 23-25.
Safar, H.M. and Cooke, R.C. (1988). Interactions between bacteria and coprophilous Ascomycotina and a Coprinus species on agar and in copromes. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 91, 73-80.
Sankaran, M. and Augustine, D.J. (2004). Large herbivores suppress decomposer abundance in a semiarid grazing ecosystem. Ecology, 85, 1052-1061.
Scheel, T., Holker, U., Ludwig, S. and Hofer, M. (1999). Evidence for and expression of a laccase gene in three basidiomycetes degrading humic acids. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 52, 66-69.
Sessitsch, A., Hackl, E., Wenzl, P., Kilian, A., Kostic, T., Stralis-Pavese, N., Sandjong, B.T. and Bodrossy, L. (2006). Diagnostic microbial microarrays in soil ecology. New Phytologist, 171, 719-736.
Shantz, H.L. and Piemeisel, R.L. (1917). Fungus fairy rings in eastern Colorado and their effect on vegetation. Journal of Agricultural Research, 11, 191-245.
Smith, J.D. (1980). Is biologic control of Marasmius oreades fairy rings possible? Plant Disease, 64, 348-355.
Smith, D.L. and Johnson, L. (2004). Vegetation-mediated changes in microclimate reduce soil respiration as woodlands expand into grasslands. Ecology, 85, 3348-3361.
Smith, S.E. and Read, D.J. (1997). Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. Academic Press, London, UK.
Stark, S. and Grellmann, D. (2002). Soil microbial responses to herbivory in an arctic tundra heath at two levels of nutrient availability. Ecology, 83, 2736-2744.
Steffen, K.T., Hatakka, A. and Hofrichter, M. (2002). Degradation of humic acids by the litter-decomposing basidiomycete Collybia dryophila. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 68, 3442-3448.
Steffen, K.T., Hofrichter, M. and Hatakka, A. (2000). Mineralisation of C14-labelled synthetic lignin and ligninolytic enzyme activities of litter-decomposing basidiomycetous fungi. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 54, 819-825.
Stevens, C.J., Dise, N.B., Mountford, O. and Gowing, D.J. (2004). Impact of nitrogen deposition on the species richness of grasslands. Science, 303, 1876-1879.
Swift, M.J., Heal, O.W. and Anderson, J.M. (1979). Decomposition in Terrestrial Ecosystems. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.
Terashima, Y. and Fujiie, A. (2005). Development of a fairy ring caused by Lepista sordida on zoysigrass over and eight year period. International Turfgrass Society Research Journal, 10, 251-257.
Terashima, Y., Fukiharu, T. and Fujiie, A. (2004). Morphology and comparative ecology of the fairy ring fungi, Vascellum curtisii and Bovista dermoxantha, on turf of bentgrass, bluegrass, and Zoysia-grass. Mycoscience, 45, 251-260.
Thorn, R.G., Reddy, C.A., Harris, D. and Paul, E.A. (1996). Isolation of saprophytic basidiomycetes from soil. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 62, 4288-4292.
Tisdall, J.M. and Oades, J.M. (1982). Organic-matter and water-stable aggregates in soils. Journal of Soil Science, 33, 141-163.
Tisdall, J.M., Smith, S.E. and Rengasamy, P. (1997). Aggregation of soil by fungal hyphae. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 35, 55-60.
Turner, C.L., Seastedt, T.R. and Dyer, M.I. (1993). Maximization of aboveground grassland production — The role of defoliation frequency, intensity, and history. Ecological Applications, 3, 175-186.
van der Wal, A., van Veen, J.A., Smant, W., Boschker, H.T.S., Bloem, J., Kardol, P., van der Putten, W.H. and de Boer, W. (2006). Fungal biomass development in a chronosequence of land abandonment. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 38, 51-60.
Vera, F.W.M. (2000). Grazing Ecology and Forest History. CABI Publishing, New York, NY.
Waksman, S.A., Cordon, T.C. and Hulpoi, N. (1939). Influence of temperature upon the microbiological population and decomposition processes in composts of stable manure. Soil Science, 47, 83-113.
Warcup, J.H. (1951a). Studies on the growth of basidiomycetes in soil. Annals of Botany, 15, 305-318.
Warcup, J.H. (1951b). The ecology of soil fungi. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 34, 376-399.
Warcup, J.H. (1959). Studies on the growth of basidiomycetes in soil. Annals of Botany, 15, 305-317.
Warcup, J.H. and Talbot, P.H.B. (1962). Ecology and identity of mycelia isolated from soil. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 45, 495-518.
Warren, J. and Paul, A. (2006). A comparison of invertebrate populations and their relationship with rates of faecal decomposition in organic and conventionally managed pastures. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture, 24, 61-71.
Watling, R. (1995). Assessment of fungal diversity—Macromycetes, the problems. Canadian Journal of Botany, 73(Suppl. 1), S1-S24.
Webster, J. (1970). Coprophilous fungi. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 54, 161-180.
White, N.A., Hallett, P.D., Feeney, D., Palfreyman, J.W. and Ritz, K. (2000). Changes to water repellence of soil caused by the growth of white-rot fungi: Studies using a novel microcosm system. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 184, 73-77.
Wicklow, D.T., Angel, S.K. and Lussenhop, J. (1980a). Fungal community expression in lagomorph versus ruminant feces. Mycologia, 72, 1015-1021.
Wicklow, D.T., Detroy, R.W. and Adams, S. (1980b). Differential modification of the lignin and cellulose components in wheat straw by fungal colonists of ruminant dung—Ecological implications. Mycologia, 72, 1065-1076.
Wicklow, D.T. and Moore, V. (1974). Effect of incubation temperature on coprophilous fungal succession. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 62, 411-415.
Wicklow, D.T. and Yocom, D.H. (1981). Fungal species numbers and decomposition of rabbit faeces. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 76, 29-32.
Wilberforce, E.M. (2003). The ecology of root endophytic fungi in semi-natural grasslands, PhD Thesis, University of Wales, Wales.
Wilberforce, E.M., Boddy, L., Griffiths, R. and Griffith, G.W. (2003). Agricultural management affects communities of culturable root—Endophytic fungi in temperate grasslands. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 35, 1143-1154.
Wilkins, W.H. and Patrick, S.H.M. (1939). The ecology of the larger fungi. III. Constancy and frequency of grassland species with special reference to soil types. Annals of Applied Biology, 26, 25-46.
Wilkins, W.H. and Patrick, S.H.M. (1940). The ecology of the larger fungi. IV. The seasonal frequency of grassland fungi with special reference to the influence of environmental factors and soil types. Annals of Applied Biology, 27, 17-34.
York, C.A. and Canaway, P.M. (2000). Water repellent soils as they occur on UK golf greens. Journal of Hydrology, 231, 126-133.
Zhang, W., Wendel, J.F.W. and Clark, L.G. (1997). Bamboozled again! Inadvertent isolation of fungal rDNA sequences from bamboos (Poaceae: Bambusoideae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 8, 205-217.
This page intentionally left blank
Was this article helpful?