• Relatedness -- software program for estimating genetic relatedness using data from co-dominant genes: http://www.gsoftnet.us/GSoft.html. See also http:// es.rice.edu/projects/Bios321/relatedness.calc.html for an example that shows how to calculate the relatedness of wasps from the same and from different colonies.
• Kinship - software program for estimating maximum likelihood ratios for testing hypotheses of relatedness: http://gsoft.smu.edu/GSoft.html
• Cervus-software that conducts large-scale parentage analysis using co-dominant loci: http://helios.bto.ed.ac.uk/evolgen/cervus/cervus.html
• PrDM calculator for detecting multiple parentage in a sample of offspring: http://www.zoo.utoronto.ca/tpitcher/prdmsoftware
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