We thank Michael Flaherty, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, and John

Carnwright, Dynegy Corporation, for providing information on black bass tournaments and utility licensing issues, respectively.


Anonymous. 2001. "Effort Launched to Protect History of Croton Point," Half Moon Press Newsletter. Croton-on-Hudson,NY:HalfMoonPress,May 2001 issue.

ASMFC. 2002. Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission Mission Statement. Available online at (accessed May 2002).

Baker, J. E., Bohlen, W F., Bopp, R., Brownawell, B., Collier, T. K., Farley, K. J., Geyer, W R., and Nairn, R. 2001. PCBs in the Upper Hudson River: The Science Behind the Dredging Controversy. Report prepared for the Hudson River Foundation, NewYork, NY.

Barclay, B. 1993. Hudson River angler survey: a report on the adherence to fish consumption health advisories among Hudson River anglers. Hudson River Sloop Clearwater, Poughkeepsie, NY.

Belton, T., Roundy, R., and Weinstein, N. 1986. Urban fishermen: managing the risks of toxic exposure. Environment 28(9): 18-20,30-7.

Blackford, C. M. 1916. The shad - a national problem. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 45: 5-14.

Boyle, R. H. 1979. The Hudson River: A Natural and Unnatural History. 2nd Edition. New York: WW. Norton & Co.

Burdick, G. E.1954. An analysis of the factors, including pollution, having possible influence on the abundance of shad in the Hudson River. New York Fish and Game Journal 1: 188-205.

Burger, J., Pflugh, K. K., Lurig, L., VonHagen, L. A., and Von Hagen, S. 1999. Fishing in urban New Jersey: ethnicity affects information sources, perception, and compliance. Risk Analysis 19:217-29.

Carlson, D. M. 1989. Preliminary estimates of survival and abundance of smallmouth bass. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Stamford, NY.

1992. Importance of winter refugia to the large-mouth bass fishery in the Hudson River estuary. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 7:173-80.

Cheney, A. N.1896. Shad of the Hudson River, in First Annual Report of the Commissioners of Fisheries Game and Forests. Albany, NY, pp. 125-34.

Chittenden, M. E., Jr. 1969. "Life history and ecology of the American shad, Alosa sapidissima, in the Delaware River." Ph.D. dissertation, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ.

Cooke, S. J., Schreer, J. F., Wahl, D. H., and Philipp, D. P 2002. Physiological impacts of catch-and-release angling practices onlargemouth bass and smallmouth bass, in D. P Philipp and M. S. Ridgway, (eds). Black Bass: Ecology, Conservation, and Management. American Fisheries Society Symposium 31. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD, pp. 489-512.

Daniels, R. A., Limburg, K. E., Schmidt, R. E., Strayer,

D. L., and Chambers, C. In Press. Changes in fish assemblages in the tidal Hudson River, New York. In J. N. Rinne, R. M. Hughes, and B. Calamusso (eds.). Historical Change in Large River Fish Assemblage of America. American Fisheries Society Monograph.

DEIS (Draft Environmental Impact Statement). 1999. Draft environmental impact statement for state pollutant discharge elimination system permits for Bowline Point 1 &2, Indian Point 2 & 3, Roseton 1 &2 steam electric generating stations. Produced by Central Hudson Gas & Electric Corp., Consolidated Edison of New York, Inc., New York Power Authority, and Southern Energy New York.

Ebbesmeyer, C., and Hinrichsen, R.1997. Oceanography of the Pacific shad invasion. The Shad Journal 2(1): 4-8.

Faigenbaum, H. M. 1937. Chemical investigation of the Lower Hudson area, in A Biological Survey of the Lower Hudson watershed. State of New York Conservation Department, Biological Survey No XI. Albany, NY: J. B. Lyon Co., pp. 147-216.

FDA 2001. Fish and Fisheries Products Hazards and Controls Guidance: Third Edition. U.S. Food & Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Rockville, Maryland.

Franz, D. R. 1982. An historical perspective on mol-lusks in Lower New York Harbor, with emphasis on oysters, in G. F. Meyer, (ed.). Ecological Stress and the New YorkBight: Science andManagement, Estuarine Research Federation, Columbia, SC, pp. 181-197.

Funk, R. E.1992. The Tivoli Bays as a middle-scale setting for cultural-ecological research. The HudsonValley Regional Review 9(1): 1-13.

Green, D. M., and Jackson, J. 1991. Characterization of angling activity on the Hudson River estuary, in

E. A. Blair and J. R. Waldman (eds.). Final Reports of the Tibor T. Polgar Fellowship Program, 1990. Hudson River Foundation, New York, NY, pp. VII-1 to VII-52.

Green, D. M., Landsberger, S. E., Nack, S. B., Bunnell, D., and Forney, J. L. 1993. Abundance and Winter

Distribution of Hudson River Black Bass. Final Report to the Hudson River Foundation, New York, NY.

Green, D. M., Nack, S. B., and Forney, J. L. 1988. Identification of Black Bass Spawning and Nursery Habitats in the Hudson River Estuary. Final Report to the Hudson River Foundation, NewYork, NY.

Hattala, K. A., and Kahnle, A. W. 1997. Stock Status and Definition of Over-fishing Rate for American Shad of the Hudson River Estuary. Report to the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission.New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, NewPaltz, NY.

Johnson, K. 2001. "Whitman to issue order to dredge Hudson for PCB's." The New York Times, August 1,2001.

Lake, T. 1985. Hudson River hotspot: Fishing the federal dam at Troy, NewYork. Upland Fishing: Freshwater Fishing in New England and New York 3:8081, 189-193.

Limburg, K. E., Moran, M. A., and McDowell, W H. 1986. The Hudson River Ecosystem. New York: Springer-Verlag.

LMS (Lawler, Matusky and Skelly Engineers, Inc.). 2001. Hudson River Estuary black bass study. March 1999-January 2001 Progress Report to the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Hudson River Estuary Program. Pearl River, NY.

Lossing, B. J. 1866. The Hudson, from the Wilderness to the Sea. NewYork: Virtue and Yorston.

Mitchill, S. L.1815. The fishes of New-York, described and arranged. Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New York (1814) 1:355-492.

Nack, S. B., Bunnell, D., Green, D. M., and Forney, J. L. 1993. Spawning and nursery habitats of large-mouth bass in the tidal Hudson River. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 122: 208-216.

NYSCD (NewYork State Conservation Department). 1964. The Hudson: Fish and Wildlife. A report on fish and wildlife resources in the Hudson River Valley, prepared for the Hudson River Valley Commission by the Division of Fish and Game of the NewYork State Conservation Department. Albany, NY.

NYSDEC (NewYork State Department of Environmental Conservation). 1982.1982 guide to angling for Hudson River shad. Flyer.

NYSDOH (New York State Department of Health). 2000. Health Consultation: 1996 Survey of Hudson River Anglers. Final Report, CERCLIS No. NYD980763841. Albany, NY.

Peterson, D. L. 199B. Assessment of the Striped Bass Fishery of the Hudson River, 1997. Final Report to the Hudson River Fishery Unit, NewYork State Department of Environmental Conservation, New Paltz, NY.

Ross, M. R. 1997. Fisheries Conservation and Management. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Scott, G. 1B75. Fishing in American Waters. NewYork: Harper and Brothers.

Shapley, D. 2GG1. "Valley fishing industry fading; interest flagging among the young." Poughkeepsie Journal, May 2G, 2GG1.

Skinner, L. C., Jackling, S. J., Kimber, G., Waldman, J., Shastry, Jr., J., and Newell, A. J. 1996. Chemical Residues in Fish, Bivalves, Crustaceans and a Cephalopod from the New York-New Jersey Harbor: PCB, Organochlorine Pesticides and Mercury. NewYork State Department of Environmental Conservation.

Skinner, L. C., Prince, R., Waldman, J., Newell, A. J., and Shastry, Jr., J. 1997. Chemical Residues in Fish, Bivalves, Crustaceans and a Cephalopod from the New York-New Jersey Harbor: Dioxins and Fu-rans. NewYork State Department of Environmental Conservation.

Smith, C. L. 19B5. The Inland Fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.

Steinberg, N., Way, J., Suszkowski, D. J., and Clark, L. 2GG1. Harbor Health/Human Health: An Analysis of Environmental Indicators for the NY/ NJ Harbor Estuary. New York/New Jersey Harbor Estuary Program. Published by the Hudson River Foundation, NewYork, NY.

Stevenson, C. H. 1B99. The shad fisheries of the Atlantic coast of the United States, in U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Part XXIV. Report of the Commissioner for the year ending June 3G, 1B9B. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., pp. 1G1-269.

Talbot, G. B.1954. Factors associated with fluctuations in abundance of Hudson River shad. United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery Bulletin 56: 373-413.

Vargo, J. H. 1995. Hudson River Stripers: The Guide. Yonkers, NY: Beacon Publishing Corporation.

Walburg, C. H., and Nichols., P R. 1967. Biology and Management of the American Shad and Status of the Fisheries, Atlantic Coast of the United States, 1960. United States Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. Special Scientific Report-Fisheries No. 55G.

Waldman, J. 199B. Stripers: An Angler's Anthology. Camden, ME: Ragged Mountain Press.

1999. Heartbeats in the Muck: The History, Sea Life, and Environment of New York Harbor. New York: The Lyons Press.

Waldman, J. R., Hart, J. T., and Wirgin, I. I. 1996. Stock composition of the New York Bight Atlantic sturgeon fishery based on analysis of mitochondrial DNA. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 125:364-71.

Zeisel, W 1995. Angling on a Changing Estuary: the Hudson River, 1609-1995. Final Report to the Hudson River Foundation, New York, NY.

Zeisel, W. N., Jr. 1990. Shark!!! and other sport fish once abundant in New York Harbor. Seaport (Autumn): 36-9.

Zlokovitz, E. R., and Secor, D. H. 1999. Effect of habitat use on PCB body burden in Hudson River striped bass (Morone saxatilis). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 56 (Suppl. 1): 86-93.

0 0

Post a comment