Contents

Preface page ix

Jeffrey S. Levinton

List of Contributors xi

1 The Hudson River Estuary: Executive Summary 1 Jeffrey S. Levinton and John R. Waldman

GEOLOGICAL, PHYSICAL, AND CHEMICAL SETTING OF THE HUDSON

2 The Hudson River Valley: Geological History, Landforms, and Resources 13 Les Sirkin and Henry Bokuniewicz

3 The Physical Oceanography Processes in the Hudson River Estuary 24 W. Rockwell Geyerand Robert Chant

4 Sedimentary Processes in the Hudson River Estuary 39

HenryBokuniewicz

5 Benthic Habitat Mapping in the Hudson River Estuary 51 Robin E. Bell, Roger D. Flood, Suzanne Carbotte, William B. F. Ryan,

Cecilia McHugh, Milene Cormier, RoelofVersteeg, Henry Bokuniewicz, Vicki Lynn Ferrini, Joanne Thissen, John W. Ladd, and Elizabeth A. Blair

6 Reconstructing Sediment Chronologies in the Hudson River Estuary 65 J. Kirk Cochran, David J. Hirschberg, and Huan Feng

7 Major Ion Geochemistry and Drinking Water Supply Issues in the

Hudson River Basin 79

H. James Simpson, Steven N. Chillrud, Richard F. Bopp, Edward Shuster, and Damon A. Chaky

PRIMARY PRODUCTION, MICROBIAL DYNAMICS, AND NUTRIENT DYNAMICS OF THE HUDSON

8 Bacterial Abundance, Growth, and Metabolism in the Tidal Freshwater

Hudson River 99

Stuart E. G. Findlay

9 Primary Production and Its Regulation in the Tidal-Freshwater Hudson River 107 Jonathan J. Cole and Nina F. Caraco

10 Wastewater and Watershed Influences on Primary Productivity and Oxygen Dynamics in the Lower Hudson River Estuary 121 Robert W. Howarth, Roxanne Marino, Dennis P. Swaney, and Elizabeth W. Boyer

11 Modeling Primary Production in the Lower Hudson River Estuary 140 Robin Landeck Miller and John P. St. John

HUDSON RIVER COMMUNITIES, FOOD WEBS, AND FISHERIES

12 Larval Migrations Between the Hudson River Estuary and New York Bight 157 Steven G. Morgan

13 The Diadromous Fish Fauna of the Hudson River: Life Histories,

Conservation Concerns, and Research Avenues 171

John R. Waldman

14 Fisheries of the Hudson River Estuary 189 Karin E. Limburg, Kathryn A. Hattala, Andrew W. Kahnle, and John R. Waldman

15 The Role of Tributaries in the Biology of Hudson River Fishes 205

Robert E. Schmidt and Thomas R. Lake

16 Ecology of the Hudson River Zooplankton Community 217 Michael L. Pace and DarcyJ. Lonsdale

17 Submersed Macrophyte Distribution and Function in the Tidal Freshwater

Hudson River 230

Stuart E. G. Findlay, Cathleen Wigand, and W. Charles Nieder

18 Long-Term and Large-Scale Patterns in the Benthic Communities of New York Harbor 242

Robert M. Cerrato

19 The Benthic Animal Communities of the Tidal-Freshwater Hudson

River Estuary 266

David L. Strayer

20 Tidal Wetlands of the Hudson River Estuary 279 Erik Kiviat, Stuart E. G. Findlay, and W. Charles Nieder

21 Alien Species in the Hudson River 296 David L. Strayer

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