Info

Elevation - community

Brackish water

Freshwater - fine sediment

Freshwater - sandy dredge spoil

Tidal swamp

Lower diversity than freshwater; very restricted in the more brackish sites

Red maple (Acer rubrum), red ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica s.l.), black ash (Fraxinus nigra), swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor), smooth alder (Alnus serrulata), silky dogwood (Cornus amomum), Bell's honeysuckle (LoniceraXbella), spicebush (Lindera benzoin), willows (Salix spp.), purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria), etc.

Similar to fine sediment

Marsh - supratidal

Common reed (Phragmites australis), saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens), saltgrass (Distichlis spicata), bulrushes (Scirpus spp.), marsh straw sedge (Carexhormathodes)

Lake sedge (Carexlacustris), purple loosestrife, common reed

Common reed

Marsh - upper IT

Common reed, narrowleaf cattail (Typha angustifolia), swamp rose mallow (Hibiscus moscheutos)

Narrowleaf cattail, hybrid cattail (TyphaXglauca)," purple loosestrife, common reed, arrow arum (Peltandra virginica)

Purple loosestrife, common reed

Marsh - middle IT

Saltmarsh cordgrass (Spartina

Arrow arum, river bulrush (Scirpus fluviatilis) sweetflag

American threesquare (Scirpus

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