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and Management Act

yield that took account of "relevant social, economic, or ecological factor[s]," and mechanisms to reduce the risk of decision making by vested interests (Ross, 1997).

The Emergency Striped Bass Study (ESBS) of 1979 and the Atlantic Striped Bass Act (ASBA) of 1984 responded to dramatic declines in catches of striped bass, particularly in the Chesapeake Bay. The ESBS increased coastwide research and monitoring for stripedbass stocks, and theASBA, as afollow-on, required mandatory compliance with the Interstate Fishery Management Plan for striped bass. Finally, the Atlantic Coastal Fisheries Cooperative Management Act, modeled on the ASBA, provides a regula-toryframeworkfor allspecies managed through the ASFMC. A Fishery Management Plan (FMP) must be developed for each species, and fisheries must be monitored by each member state.

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