Anderson, H.A., Falk, C., Hanrahan, L., Olson, J., Burse, V. W., Needham, L., Paschal, D., Patterson Jr., D., and Hill, Jr., R. H. 1998. Profiles of Great Lakes critical pollutants: a sentinel analysis of human blood and urine. Environmental Health Perspectives 106:279-89.
ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry). 1994. Toxicological Profile for 4,4'-DDT, 4,4'-DDE, 4,4'-DDD (Update). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Atlanta, Georgia.
1998. Draft Toxicological Profile for Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Atlanta, Georgia.
1999. Toxicological Profile for Mercury. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Atlanta, Georgia.
Bakir, F., Damlogi, S., and Amin-Zaki, L. 1973. Methylmercury poisoning in Iraq. Science 181: 230-41.
Barclay, B. 1993. A report on the adherence to fish consumption health advisories among Hudson Riveranglers.Hudson River Sloop Clearwater, Inc. Poughkeepsie, New York.
Belton, T., Roundy, R., and Weinstein, N. 1986. Urban fishermen: Managing the risks of toxic exposure. Environment 28:19-37.
Berkowitz, G. S., Lapinski, R. H., and Wolff, M. S. 1996. The role of DDE and polychlorinated biphenyl levels in preterm birth. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 30:139-41.
Bopp, R. F., Chillrud, S. N., Shuster, E. L., Simpson, H. J., and Estabrooks, F. D. 1998. Trends in chlorinated hydrocarbon levels in Hudson River basin sediments. Environmental Health Perspectives 106(suppl. 4):1075-81.
Bopp, R. F., Gross, M. L., Tong, H. Y., Simpson, H. J., Monson, S. J., Deck, B. L., and Moser, F. C. 1991. A major incident of dioxin contamination: sediments of New Jersey estuaries. Environmental Science and Technology 25:951-6.
Bopp, R., and Simpson, H. 1989. Contamination of the Hudson River - the sediment record, in A. Correll (ed.). Contaminated Marine Sediments: Assess-mentandRemediation.Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences Press.
Bopp, R. F., Simpson, H. J., Olsen, C. R., and Kostyk, N. 1981. Polychlorinated biphenyls in sediments of the tidal Hudson River, New York. Environmental Science and Technology 15:210-216.
Bopp, R. F., Simpson, H. J., Olsen, C. R., Trier, R. M., and Kostyk, N. 1982. Chlorinated hydrocarbons and radionuclide chronologies in sediments of the Hudson River and estuary, New York. Environmental Science and Technology 16:666-76.
Bove, F. J., Slade, B. A., and Canady, R. A. 1999. Evidence of excess cancer mortality in a cohort of workers exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 41:739-41.
Brown, D. P 1987. Mortality ofworkers exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls - an update. Archives of Environmental Health 42:333-9.
Brown, D. P., and Jones, M. 1981. Mortality and industrial hygiene study of workers exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls. Archives of Environmental Health 36:120-9.
Burger, J. 1998. Fishing and risk along the Savannah River: possible intervention. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health 55:405-419.
Burger, J., Pflugh, K. K., Lurig, L., Von Hagen L. A., and Von Hagen S. 1999. Fishing in urban New Jersey: ethnicity affects information sources, perception, and compliance. Risk Analysis 19:217-29.
Burger, J., Staine, K., and Gochfeld, M. 1993. Fishing in contaminated waters: knowledge and risk perception of hazards by fishermen in New York City. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health 39:95-105.
Carson, R. 1994. Silent Spring. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co.
Chen, Y., Guo, C., and Hsu, C. 1992. Cognitive development of children prenatally exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls (Yu-Cheng children) and their siblings. Journal of the Formosa Medical Association 91:704-707.
Clarkson, T. W 1995. Environmental chemicals in the food chain. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 61 (suppl.):682S-6S.
Clarkson, T. 1997. The toxicology of mercury. Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Science 34:369403.
Craan,A. G., and Haines, D. A. 1998. Twenty-five years of surveillance for contaminants in human breast milk. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 35:702-710.
Crump, K. S., Kjellstrom, T., Shipp, A. M., Silvers, A., and Stewart, A. 1998. Influence of prenatal mercury exposure upon scholastic and psychological test performance: benchmark analysis of a New Zealand cohort. Risk Analysis 18:701-713.
Eriksson, P., and Talts, U. 2000. Neonatal exposure to neurotoxic pesticides increases adult susceptibility: a review of current finding. Neu-rotoxicology 21:37-47.
Falk, C., Hanrahan,L.,Anderson, H.A., Kanarek, M. S., Draheim, L., Needham, L., Patterson, D., and the GreatLakes Consortium. 1999. Body burdenlevels of dioxin, furans, and PCBs among frequent consumers of Great Lakes sport fish. Environmental Research 80:S19-S25.
Fitzgerald, E. F., Deres, D. A., Hwang, S., Bush, B., Yang, B., Tarbell, A., and Jacobs, A. 1999. Local fish consumption and serum PCB concentrations among Mohawk men at Akwesasne. Environmental Research 80:S97-S103.
Frumkin, H., and Orris, P 1999. Evidence of excess cancer mortality in a cohort of workers exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 41:741-2.
Gladen, B., and Rogan, W. 1991. Effects of perinatal polychlorinated biphenyls and dichloroethene dichlorodiphenyl on later development. Journal of Pediatrics 119:58-63.
Gladen, B. C., Ragan, N. B., and Rogan, W. J. 2000. Pu-bertal growth and development and prenatal and lactational exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and dichlorodiphenyl dichloroethene. Journal of Pediatrics 136:490-6.
Grandjean, P., Weihe, P, White, R., and Debes, F. 1998. Cognitive performance of children prenatally exposed to "safe" levels of methylmercury. Environmental Research 77:165-72.
Guo, Y., Lai, T., and Chen, S. 1995. Gender-related decrease in Raven's progressive matrices scores in children prenatally exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls and related contaminants. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 55:8-13.
Hag,1.1976.AgrosanpoisoninginNau. British Medical Journal 1579-82.
Hanrahan, L. P., Falk, C., Anderson, H.A., Draheim, L., Kanarek, M. S., and Olson, J. 1999. Serum PCB and DDE levels of frequent Great Lakes sportfish con-sumers-a first look. The Great Lakes Consortium. Environmental Research 80:S26-S37.
Hauge, P M., Belton, T. J., Ruppel, B. E., Lockwood, K., and Mueller, R. T. 1994.2,3,7,8-TCDD and 2,3,7,8-TCDF in blue crabs and American lobsters from the Hudson-Raritan estuary and the New York Bight. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 52:734-41.
Helzlsouer, K. J., Alberg, A. J., Huang, H. Y., Hoffman, S. C., Strickland, P. T., Brock, J. W, Burse, V. W., Needham, L. L., Bell, D. A., Lavigne, J. A., Yager, J. D., and Comstock, G. W. 1999. Serum concentrations of organochlorine compounds and the subsequent development of breast cancer. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention 8:525-32.
Herr, D., Goldey, E., and Crofton, K. M. 1996. Developmental exposure to Arochlor 1254 produces low-frequency alterations in adult rat brainstem auditory evoked responses. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology 33:120-8.
Hunter, D. 1969. The Diseases of Occupations, 4th ed. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Co.
Jacobson, J., and Jacobson, S. 1996a. Dose response in perinatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): the Michigan and North Carolina cohort studies. Toxicology and Industrial Health 12:435-45.
1996b. Intellectual impairment in children exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls in utero. New England Journal of Medicine 335:783-9.
Jacobson, J. L., and Jacobson, S. W 1997. Evidence for PCBs as neurodevelopmental toxicants in humans. Neurotoxicology 18:415-24.
Kennish, M. J., Belton, T. J., Hauge, P, Lockwood, K., and Ruppel, B. E. 1992. Polychlorinated biphenyls in estuarine and coastal marine waters of New Jersey: a review of contamination problems. Reviews in Aquatic Science 6:275-93.
Kennish, M. J., and Ruppel, B. E. 1996a. Polychlorinated biphenyl contamination in selected estu-arine and coastal marine finfish and shellfish of New Jersey. Estuaries 19:288-95.
Kennish, M. J., and Ruppel, B. E. 1996b. DDT contamination in selected estuarine and coastal marine finfish and shellfish of New Jersey. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 31:256-62.
Kennish, M. J., and Ruppel, B. E. 1997. Chlordane contamination in selected freshwater finfish of New
Jersey. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 58:142-9.
Kimbrough, R. D. 1995. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and human health: an update. Critical Reviews in Toxicology 25:133-63.
Kimbrough, R. D., Doemland, M. L., and LeVois, M. E. 1999. Mortality in male and female capacitor workers exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 41:161-71.
Kjellstrom, T., Kennedy, P., Wallis, S., Stewart, A., Friberg, L., Lind, B., Wutherspoon, T., and Man-tell, C. 1989. Physical and Mental Development of Children with Prenatal Exposure to Mercury from Fish. National Swedish Environmental Protection Board Report No. 3642. Solna, Sweden.
Krieger, N., Wolff, M., Hiatt, R., Rivera, M., Vogel-man, J., and Orentreich, N. 1994. Breast cancer and serum organochlorines: a prospective study among white, black and Asian women. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 86: 589-99.
Kurland, L., Faro, S. N., and Siedler, H. 1960. Minimata disease. World Neurologyl :370-90.
Kutz, F. W, Wood, P. H., and Bottimore, D. P. 1991. Organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in human adipose tissue. Reviews in Environmental Contaminants and Toxicology. 120:1-82.
Laden, F., Neas, L. M., Spiegelman, D., Hankinson, S. E., Willett, W C., Ireland, K., Wolff, M. S., and Hunter, D. J. 1999. Predictors of plasma concentrations of DDE and PCBs in a group of U.S. women. Environmental Health Perspectives 107: 75-81.
Lilienthal, H., and Winneke, G. 1991. Sensitive periods for behavioral toxicity of polychlorinated biphenyls: determination by cross-fostering in rats. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology 17:368-75.
Longnecker, M., Rogan, W., and Lucier, G. 1997. The human health effects of DDT (Dichlorodiphenyl-trichloroethane) and PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls): an overview of organochlorines in public health. Annual Review of Public Health 18:211-44.
Marsh, D., Clarkson, T., Myers, G., Davidson, P., Cox, C., Cernichiari, E., Tanner, M., Lednar, W., Shamlaye, C., Choisy, O., Hoareau, C., and Berlin, M. 1995. The Seychelles study of fetal methylmer-cury exposure and child development: Introduction. Neurotoxicology 16:583-96.
May, H., and Burger, J. 1996. Fishing in a polluted estuary: fishing behavior, fish consumption, and potential risk. Risk Analysis 16:459-71.
Mayes, B. A., McConnell, E. E., Neal, B. H., Brunner, M. J., Hamilton, S. B., Sullivan, T. M., Peters, A. C., Ryan, M. J., Toft, J. D., Singer, A. W., Brown Jr., J. F. Menton, R. G., and Moore, J. A. 1998. Comparative carcinogenicity in Sprague-Dawley rats of the polychlorinatedbiphenyl mixtures Aroclors 1016,1242,1254, and 1260. Toxicological Sciences 41:62-76.
Mundy, W R., Bushnell, P J., Crofton, K. M., Herr, D. W., Moser, V. C., and Kodavanti, P R. 1998. Neurobe-havioral effects of developmental Aroclor 1254 ex-posure.Toxicologist 42:34-5.
NRC (National Research Council). 2000. Committee on the Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury. Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences Press.
NJDEP and NJDOH (New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and New Jersey Department of Health). 1995. A Guide to Health Advisories for Eating Fish and Crabs Caught in New Jersey Waters: What You Need to Know About Recreational Fishing and Crabbing. Trenton, NJ.
NYSDOH (New York State Department of Health). 1999. Health Consultation: 1996 Survey of Hudson River Anglers. Center for Environmental Health. Albany, New York.
2000. 2000-2001 Health Advisories: Chemicals in Sportfish and Game. Division of Environmental Health Assessment. Albany, New York.
Ordonez, J., Carillo, J., and Miranda, M. 1966. Epidemiological study of an illness in the Guatemala highlands believed to be encephalitis. Boletin de la Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana 60: 18-24.
Patandin, S., Lanting, C. I., Mulder, P. G., Boersma, E. R., Sauer, P J., and Weisglas-Kuperus, N. 1999. Effects of environmental exposure to polychlori-nated biphenyls and dioxins on cognitive abilities in Dutch children at 42 months of age. Journal of Pediatrics 134:33-41.
Pflugh, K. K., Lurig, L., VonHagen, L. A., VonHagen, S., and Burger, J. 1999. Urban anglers' perception of risk from contaminated fish. Science of the Total Environment 228:203-218.
Pierce, P, Thompson, J., Likosky, W., Nickey, L. N., Barthel, W F., and Hinman, A. R. 1972. Alkyl mercury poisoning in humans: a report of an outbreak. Journal of the American Medical Association 200:1439-42.
Rice, D. C. 1995. Neurotoxicity of lead, methylmercury, and PCBs in relation to the Great Lakes. Environ-mentalHealth Perspectives 103 (suppl. 9):71-87.
Robinson, P E., Mack, G. A., Remmers, J., Levy, R., and Mohadjer, L. 1990. Trends in PCB, hexachloroben-
zene, and beta-benzene hexachloride levels in the adipose tissue of U.S. populations. Environmental Research 53:175-92.
Schantz, S., Moshtaghian, J., and Ness, D. 1995. Spatial learning deficits in adult rats exposed to ortho-substituted PCB congeners during gestation and lactation. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology 26:117-26.
Sinks, T., Steele, G., Smith, A. B., Watkins, K., and Shults, R. A. 1992. Mortality among workers exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls. American Journal of Epidemiology 136:389-98.
Skinner, L., Jackling, S., Kimber, G., Waldman, J., Shastay, Jr., J., and Newell, A. 1996. Chemical Residues in Fish, Bivalves, Crustaceans and Cephalopods from the New York-New Jersey Harbor Estuary: PCB, Organochlorine Pesticides and Mercury. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Fish and Wildlife, Albany, New York.
USEPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1992. Superfund: Progress at National Priority List Sites, New York, 1992 Update. EPA/540/ R-93/030. Publication #9200.5-732B. USEPA Office of Program Management, Washington, D.C. (http://www.epa.gov/region02/superfund/ npl).
2001. Glens Falls, NY, EPA ID#: NYD002069748, (http://www.epa.gov/Region2/waste/ciba_h725. pdf).
2002a. Hudson River, NY, EPA ID#: NYD980763841, (http://www.epa.gov/region02/superfund/npl/ 0202229c.pdf).
2002b. 80 and 120 Lister Avenue/Diamond Alkali, EPA ID#: NJD980528996, (http://www.epa.gov/ region02/superfund/npl/0200613c.pdf).
2002c. Hackensack, NJ, Meadowlands, EPA ID# NJD980529879, (http://www.epa.gov/region02/ superfund/npl/0200674c.pdf).
USFDA (United States Food and Drug Administration). 2000. Unavoidable Contaminants in Food for Human Consumption and Food-packaging Tolerances for PCBs. Code of Federal Regulations. Title 21, Volume 2, Part 109, Section 109.30. Washington, D.C: U.S. Government Printing Office.
2001. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Consumer Advisory: An Important Message for Pregnant Women and Women of Childbear-ing Age Who May Become Pregnant About the Risks of Mercury in Fish. (http://vm.cfsan.fda. gov/~dms/admehg.html).
Whitmore, R., Immerman, F. W., Camann, D. E., Bond, A. E., Lewis, R., and Schaum, J. 1994.
Non-occupational exposures to pesticides for residents of two U.S. cities. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 26: 47-59.
Wolff, M. S. 1999. Twenty-five years of surveillance for contaminants in human breast milk. (Letter) Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 36:504.
Wolff, M. S., Berkowitz, G. S., Brower, S., Senie, R., Bleiweiss, I. J., Tartter, P, Pace, B., Roy, N., Wallenstein, S., and Weston, A. 2000a. Organo-chlorine exposures and breast cancer risk in New York City women. Environmental Research, 84:151-61
Wolff, M. S., and Toniolo, P G. 1995. Environmental organochlorine exposure as a potential etiologic factor in breast cancer. Envi ronmental Health Perspectives103 (suppl. 7): 141-5.
Wolff, M. S., Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, A., Dubin, N., and Toniolo, P. 2000b. Risk of breast cancer and organochlorine exposure. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention 9:271-7.
Wright, C., Leidy, R., and Dupree, H. J. 1994. Chlor-pyrifos in the air and soil of houses eight years after its application for termite control. Bulletin ofEnvironmental Contamination and Toxicology 52:131-4.
Zheng, T., Holford, T. R., Tessari, J., Mayne, S. T., Owens, P H., Ward, B., Carter, D., Boyle, P., Dubrow, R., Archibeque-Engle, S., and Zahm, S. H. 2000. Breast cancer risk associated with congeners of polychlorinated biphenyls. American Journal of Epidemiology 152:50-8.
Was this article helpful?
Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.