In the simplest terms, all closed-loop chains do have a common set of activities. The recovery process consists of several highly interrelated sub-processes: product acquisition, reverse logistics, inspection and disposition (consisting of test, sort and grade), reconditioning (which may include remanufacturing) and distribution and selling of the recovered products. However, the previous cases illustrate that, while there are common processes, not all closed-loop supply chains are alike. Each different supply chain system has different characteristics and management concerns. Table 40.4 highlights the differences in the three forms of closed-loop supply chains we have discussed in this chapter. In the following sub-sections we discuss each of the sub-processes for the different types of closed-loop supply chains.
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