Emergency medical care

The highest priority for the initial response is the provision of emergency medical and surgical care to persons who have been severely injured, and to provide psychosocial support to communities. Treatment follows standard protocols in health facilities, and uses the standard first-line drugs for the anticipated infectious disease complications including malaria, cholera, dysentery, typhoid fever,

Table 13.4 Assessment of communicable disease threats with tsunami

(26 December 2004)

Table 13.4 Assessment of communicable disease threats with tsunami

(26 December 2004)

Indonesia

Sri Lanka

Thailand

India

Maldives

Food and water

Cholera

+

+

+

+

+

Typhoid

+

+

+

+

+

Shigellosis

+

+

+

+

+

Hepatitis A

+

+

+

+

+

Hepatitis E

+

+

+

+

+

Vector-borne

Malaria

+

+

+

+

-

Dengue

+

+

+

+

+

Scrub typhus

+

+

+

+

+

Crowding

Measles

+

+

+

+

+

URI

+

+

+

+

+

Tuberculosis

+

+

+

+

+

hepatitis, dengue, measles, meningitis, leptospirosis, and sexually transmitted infections. There is the concurrent emphasis on infection control guidelines.

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