Key factorprinciple

Establish a partnership and commitment at both the individual and institutional levels, with increasing empowerment of the foreign partner as the collaboration matures.

In sponsored training programs, a key prerequisite to success is a true partnership and commitment to the program by the individuals and the institutions involved. Strong leadership and support must be sustained. A formal "twinning" arrangement between the institutions is one example that has proved to be successful in solidifying such relationships. Although the overall goal is to build workforce capacity in the developing country, the ways in which this can be done are diverse. Early on, it is common for the predominance of training activities to be at the donor-country institutions, bringing the foreign trainees for long-, medium-, or short-term training. As programs mature and the foreign site becomes better staffed with returning trainees, more of the training activities can take place at the foreign site. This is not only cost-saving but also has the collateral benefits that (i) in-country trainees are less likely to emigrate out of country, and (ii) the trainees become teacher/role models for others and multiply their value by "south-south" teaching. With full maturation of the developing country site, the center of gravity in the collaborative relationship shifts increasingly to the foreign site, which can then function with relative autonomy. Such programs serve not only as national and regional resources, but are also positioned to assume global significance as centers of excellence in training and research.

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