Insect ecology represents the intersection between basic understanding of how insects interact with their environment and necessary applications for pest management, ecosystem restoration, and other aspects of ecosystem management. Understanding feedbacks between insects and their environment provides useful information for understanding insects in the broader context of ecosystem and global processes. Although insect outbreaks occur in natural ecosystems when conditions are favorable, anthropogenic changes in ecosystem conditions often promote population growth of species that are viewed as "pests." These changes often can be reversed or mitigated with adequate ecological information. Insect ecology also addresses the variety of insect effects on ecosystem conditions. Such information is necessary to determine when suppression of outbreaks may be warranted to meet specific management goals.

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