Bees food quality and body temperature

In bees, it appears that food quality modulates thermal behaviour. For example, workers of the Asian honeybees A. cerana and A. dorsata landing at highly congested feeders tend to have higher Tth, and congestion depends on food quality (Dyer and Seeley 1987). Similarly, the Himalayan honeybee A. laboriosa maintains high temperature excesses when arriving at feeders to collect concentrated sugar solution (Underwood 1991). Thermal imaging has proved a valuable technique in studying this...

Metabolic rate variation size

Discontinuous gas exchange in ticks is thought to be one of the ways in which these animals maintain the very low metabolic rates required by their sit-and-wait strategy, which includes long periods of fasting (Lighton and Fielden 1995). Scorpions are also thought to have uncharacteristically low metabolic rates, and this has prompted considerable speculation regarding the benefits of low metabolic rates in both groups (Lighton et al. 2001). In turn, this speculation has raised the question of...

Discontinuous gas exchange cycles

Gaseous Exchange Cycle

Discontinuous gas exchange cycles DGCs are one of the most striking gas exchange patterns shown by insects. Discontinuous gas exchange was originally described in adult insects Punt et al. 1957 Wilkins 1960 , but it was the investigation of DGCs in diapausing saturniid pupae by Schneiderman and his colleagues e.g. Schneiderman 1960 Levy and Schneiderman 1966a,b Schneiderman and Schechter 1966 that resulted in a comprehensive understanding both of the pattern and the mechanisms underlying it....