Allen, T.F.H. and Hoekstra, T.W. 1992. Toward a unified theory. Columbia University Press, New York.

Allen, T.F.H. and Starr, T.B. 1982. Hierarchy perspectives for ecological complexity. The

University of Chicago Press, Chicago. Cilliers, P. 1998. Complexity & postmodernism. Understanding complex systems. Routledge, London.

Farina, A. 2000. Landscape ecology in action. Kluwer Academic Publisher, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.

Farina, A. and Belgrano, A. 2004. The eco-field: A new paradigm for landscape ecology.

Ecological Research 19:107-110. Farina, A., Bogaert, J., and Schipani, I. 2005. Cognitive landscape and information: New perspectives to investigate the ecological complexity. BioSystem 79:235-240. Holling, C.S. 1973. Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 4:1-24.

Kauffman, S.A. 1993. The origins of the order: Self-organization and selection in evolution. Oxford

University Press, New York. Lewin, R. 1999. Complexity. Life at the edge of chaos. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago. Manson, S.M. 2001. Simplifying complexity: A review of complexity theory. Geoforum 32: 405-414.

Monod, J. 1970. Il caso e la necessita. Mondadori, Milano.

Morowitz, H.J. 2002. The emergence of everything. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Odum, H.T. 1983. System ecology. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Paine, R.T. 2002. A conversation on refining the concept of keystone species. Conservation Biology 9: 962-964.

Phillips, J.D. 1999. Divergence, convergence, and self-organization in landscapes. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 89(3): 466-488.

Prigogine, I. 1961. Introduction to thermodynamics of irreversible processes. John Wiley, New York.

Stonier, T. 1990. Information and the internal structure of the universe. An exploration into information physics. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Stonier, T. 1996. Information as a basic property of the universe. BioSystems 38: 135-140.

Thompson, J.N., Reichman, O.J., Morin, P.J., Polis, G.A., Power, M.E., Sterner, R.W., Couch, C.A., Gough, L., Holt, R., Hooper, D.U., Keesing, F., Lovell, C.R., Milne, B.T., Moles, M.C., Roberts, D.W., and Strauss, S.Y. 2001. Frontiers of ecology. Bioscience 51: 15-24.

Tilman, D., May, R.M., Lehman, C.L., and Nowak, M.A. 1994. Habitat destruction and the extinction debt. Nature 371:65-66.

Wilhelm, T. and Bruggemann, R. 2000. Goal function for the development of natural systems. Ecological Modeling 132: 231-246.

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment