The Individual Eco Field and the Definition of the Cognitive Landscape

Originally landscape was considered as a composite structure, a box in which to find processes and organisms. Now that I have defined the eco-field I'll try to incorporate this paradigm into the landscape space (sensu Maturana 1975). Every organism, according to the functions that are active at the time, uses specific sensors (cognitive templates) to detect resources (Fig. 8.5). The resources are detected using a specific eco-field as interface that has a unique dimension and shape according to the specific function.

Finally, if we sum all the eco-fields activated by an individual we have a space differently perceived. Such space is in reality the range of all possible eco-fields; this is the cognitive landscape of that species. It is a landscape that exists around an individual, and it can't exist outside the individual and its characteristics (Fig. 8.6).

Starting from a collection of neutral objects that we could call the "neutral landscape," every individual (plant, animal, but also process) intercepts a part of the

Ecofield 1

Landscape mosaic

Landscape mosaic

Perceived landscape

Ecofield 2

Ecofield 3

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