Legacy Effects of Landscape Change

The ghosts of landscapes past have been found to haunt the biota of both terrestrial and aquatic systems. Land-use legacies on vegetation communities are especially prevalent and well documented. In central Massachusetts (USA), for example, the legacy of past agricultural land-use from the 18th century is still reflected in the vegetation of today's forests. This landscape has undergone a complete transformation during the past three centuries from a primarily forested region that was largely...