Meditation Mastery Secrets
Industrial metabolism conveys the descriptive idea of the industrial system as a living complex organism, 'feeding' on natural resources, material and energy, 'digesting' them into useful products and 'excreting' waste. This is a rather value-neutral description helping us to see the need for a broader view, focusing on interactions of material and energy flows, rather than on single issues as previously was the case. In passing, it is interesting to note that, while industrial metabolism metaphorically suggests that machines behave like living cells, an early metaphor used by Descartes (one of the architects of the Enlightenment) used the same metaphor 'nature is a machine' to increase his understanding of nature.5
Enlightened planners wanted the city in its very design to function like a healthy body, freely flowing as well as possessed of clear skin. Since the beginnings of the Baroque era, urban planners had thought about making cities in terms of efficient circulation of the people on the city's main streets. The medical imagery of life-giving circulation gave a new meaning to the Baroque emphasis of motion. Instead of planning streets for the sake of ceremonies of movement toward an object, as did the Baroque planner, the Enlightenment planner made motion an end in itself.
Indeed one of the foremost gardens of the age was located where it was in order to escape the influence of the Roman Catholic church and its educational institutions. The Jardin des Plantes (Figure 3) in Paris was chartered in 1626 by Louis XIII on land a short way outside the wall encircling the city which put it beyond the reach of the Universite de Paris and its Faculte de medecine. For the next 150 years during the high tide of French exploration and colonization and throughout the French Enlightenment, Paris's botanic garden was the world's main center for plant collection and study as well as home to sometimes audacious research into other aspects of the natural world.
In the Eastern religion, Zen Buddhism, the goal is to achieve enlightenment. The Zen master attempts to bring about enlightenment in his pupil in various ways. One of the things he does is to hold a stick over the pupil's head and say fiercely, If you say this stick is real, I will strike you with it. If you say this stick is not real, I will strike you with it. If you don't say anything, I will strike you with it. We feel that the schizophrenic finds himself continually in the same situation as the pupil, but he achieves something like disorientation rather than enlightenment. The Zen pupil might reach up and take the stick away from the master who might accept this response, but the schizophrenic has no such choice since with him there is no not caring about the relationship, and his mother's aims and awareness are not like the master's.
The deeper causes of this situation are not apparent in the daily headlines and news reports. Dysfunctional families, depression, youthful violence, and the rising use of chemicals to sedate children are symptoms of something larger. Without anyone saying as much and without anyone intending to do so, we have unwittingly begun to undermine the prospects of our children and, at some level, I believe that they know it. This essay is a meditation on the larger patterns of our time and their effects on children. My argument is that the normal difficulties of growing up are compounded, directly and indirectly, by the reigning set of assumptions, philosophies, ideologies, and even mythologies by which we organize our affairs and conduct the business of society what was once called political economy. The study of political economy began with Adam Smith and continued on through Marx to the present in the work of scholars such as Yale University political scientist Charles Lindblom. Due to...
The sound of the nearby stream, the equilibrated climate, and the occurrence of attractive animal and plant species render riparian wetlands highly attractive for recreation purposes such as hiking, bird-watching, or meditation. These can be combined with 'in-channel' recreation activities such as canoeing, rafting, or fishing, and represent an economically valuable ecosystem service, that should be considered in management and conservation plans (see Riparian Zone Management and Restoration).
He drags her about, never letting go of her neck with his teeth (DonCarlos et al. 1986). Indeed, in the domestic ferret his bite becomes locked on her neck, which means that he cannot bite her too hard (Ewer 1973). She may break loose from the leg grasp, but not from the neck hold. She remains limp and passive while being carried, in a condition called tragschlaffe ( carry-sleep ) by German observers. Young weasels behave in the same way when being carried from one den to another by their mother.
Deep Ecology And Soft Engineering Exploring The Possible Relationship Of Soil Bioengineering To Eastern Religions
The Eastern religions of Hinduism and various forms of Buddhism are a related set of beliefs based on the search for enlightenment. The state of enlightenment is the goal of individuals who believe in these religions, and it represents a condition of harmony and contentment between the individual and the cosmos. Enlightenment is achieved through introspective meditation and living one's life according to certain rules and beliefs. It is a mystical state of being that is not connected to normal human reality. Thus, belief in these religions causes one to strive to lead the appropriate kind of life that results in enlightenment. These religions do not rely on supreme beings for insight and wisdom but rather on the individual's search for the right way of life. 1986 Kelley, 1997). Steinbeck's (1939) The Grapes of Wrath which won the Pulitzer Prize for literature was published within weeks of Rickett's book, indicating that these two men reached high levels of achievement (and...
Our ancestors' morality was based on the axiom that people themselves were the only living beings that could be harmed by human actions. Ethics focused on this and ethics dealt with interpersonal relationships. At the same time this morality was limited to the moment - only the immediate consequences of an action were of significance. Long-term effects were of no interest and beyond regulation. Today, humankind's position and influence is drastically changed. The way in which we manage natural resources may have irremediable consequences for future generations of all life forms. Paradoxically, we still cling to antiquity's anthropocentric moral philosophy, often mingled with some of the Enlightenment's mottos of our sovereign supremacy.
Organisms, known as storm children by local natives, have also evolved a unique method of feeding. During a storm, the organism forms a cone shape, dispersing in a wide ring and forming a deep concentration of filaments. These filaments create a potential that attracts lightning. When lightning strikes the center of the storm child, biological inductance taps and rapidly stores large amounts of energy. After the strike, the colony repairs whatever damage has been done and rapidly metabolizes the energy into useable forms.
It is clear from the examples given in this chapter that the practice of phytogeographic or plant geographical, physiognomic and ecological planting gradually merged and partially overlapped as ecological science and political and social movements developed. This type of planting arises out of the Enlightenment, which had encouraged a different perception of the concept of nature. The first examples of plant geographical planting date from the beginning of the nineteenth century, being concentrated mainly in botanical gardens, where this was considered the best and most instructive way of exhibiting plants. It never became a mainstream movement however, even after the idea of ecology was developed and promoted in the early part of the twentieth century. The second major wave of ecological gardens set out to educate the general public whilst others saw it as an economic and more sustainable manner to generate a planting scheme. With the progress of ecological science, another group the...
The human quest for self-awareness is documented at least as far back as the inscription Know thyself, carved over the entrance to the Oracle of Apollo at Delphi in the 6th century B.C.E. The Delphic ideal has proved to be an elusive one, in both the realms of individual psychology and group sociology. The reportage of Greek historians are counted among the earliest chronicles of a comparative or cross-cultural character. Tales of Africans in the Roman Pliny the Elder's Natural History blended observed ethnographic fact with fantastic fables drawn from voyagers' chronicles. During the eighteenth century, Enlightenment thinker Alexander Pope's Essay on Man modified the ancient injunction to individual self-knowledge, broadening its aspect to humanity in general with these words
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