Figure 28.19 The Basic Carbon Cycle in the Environment. Carbon fixation can occur through the activities of photoautotrophic and chemoautotrophic microorganisms. Methane can be produced from inorganic substrates (CO2 + H2) or from organic matter. Carbon monoxide (CO)—produced by sources such as automobiles and industry—is returned to the carbon cycle by CO-oxidizing bacteria. Aerobic processes are noted with blue arrows, and anaerobic processes are shown with red arrows. Reverse methanogenesis will be discussed in chapter 29.
Carbon monoxide oxidation
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